Born in 1943 in the eastern town of Ajadbiya, he was in the group of officers led by Qadhafi
which seized power from King Idris in 1969.
Before the US lifted unilateral sanctions against Qadhafi
's Libya and normalised ties with Tripoli in 2004, billions of dollars worth of liquid and semi-liquid assets had been the subject of constant re-deployment since the 1980s, when Washington moved to freeze them, and the early 1990s as the UN imposed a limited embargo on the north African country.
A son of Libya's late dictator Moammar Qadhafi
was briefly kidnaped in Lebanon by Shiite militants demanding information about the fate of an Iranian-born cleric who disappeared in Libya decades ago.
1, 1961, however, this monarchy was toppled in a military coup d'etat led by Col Qadhafi
. His regime fell in August 2011.
1, 1969, military coup d'etat, Col Mu'ammar Qadhafi
assumed rulership and began to espouse a bizarre political system - a combination of socialism and Islamic populism based on his own interpretation of secularism - which eventually turned Libya into a "Jamahiriya", i.e., a land of the masses which one Arab observer called "an organised disorganisation".
Wracked by bloody turmoil after a 2011 uprising toppled and killed dictator Muammar Qadhafi
, Libya has had two governments and parliaments since an Islamist-backed militia alliance seized Tripoli last August.
Libya, rich in natural gas with the largest proven reserves of conventional crude oil and huge resources of non-conventional petroleum yet to be explored, has been in a mess since a revolt against Mu'ammar Qadhafi
's 42-year dictatorship began on Feb.
On March 19, French warplanes were the first to attack Qadhafi
forces threatening Benghazi.
In keeping with the back-seat role the US took in NATO's air campaign to topple Qadhafi
, he said: "We're going to be guided by what Libyans themselves think is appropriate", speaking in Arabic and highlighting the US's critical but behind-the-scenes support for the armed revolution.
"By using civilian sites for military purposes, the Qadhafi
regime has once
"constructive," but said they needed to make clear that the Libyan leader must leave power.