In 930, he led a Qarmatians
' pillaging of Mecca and desecrated Islam's holiest sites.
"We are trying to work out how it relates to what historical sources tell us about the changes in the area over time, whether it was linked to the Abbasids or to the Qarmatians
or if it was an autonomous Bahraini controlled area.
The book -- "Batinilerin ve Karmatilerin ycyE-zE-" (Behind the scenes of the Batiniyyas and Qarmatians
) -- has been in circulation since 1948 and refers to Alevis as "those who see the haram [illicit] as halal [lawful]".
The city was abandoned in the 10th century following the changes that saw the decline of the Abbasid caliphate, notably the revolt of the Qarmatians
. Al-Rabadhah was excavated between 1979 and 2000.
When the Qarmatians
attacked Kufah in 924 he left with the raiders and lived in the desert with them, learning their dialect of Arabic which, according to the prevailing view of the time, was supposedly closer to classical Arabic.
"The first time they were prevented to come was in the era of Quraish infidels and the second time were during the Qarmatians
time and unfortunately the third time were in the time of Hamas."
In the original program of this meeting, I was to talk on the Qarmatians
while the Isma'ilis had been allotted to another speaker; but as that speaker was prevented from coming, Isma'ilism was dropped from the program, leaving me to deal with the Qarmatians
When the Muslim Qarmatians
(a subsect of the Shi`ite Isma`ilites) sacked Kufah in 924, he joined them and lived among the Bedouin.
T?her, and he soon assassinated his elder brother and declared himself chief of the Qarmatians