The drugs used for immersion anesthesia for elasmobranchs are the following: benzocaine, etomidate, metomidate, halothane-oxygen-nitrous oxide, oxygen, quinaldine
and tricaine methane sulfonate (MS-222) (Stamper, 2004; Stamper, 2007).
Several substances and combinations of substances, such as alcohol, ether, barbiturates, quinaldine
, tricaine methanesulfonate (MS 222), chlorbutanol and benzocaine have been used to induce anesthesia in fish.
Performances of 2 phenoxyethanol and quinaldine
with oxygen in the live truck transportation of rohu fingerlings.
The most commonly used anesthetics for fish are tricaine methanesulfonate (MS-222), benzocaine, metomidate, 2-phenoxyethanol and quinaldine
. However, undesirable effects due to the use of these anesthetics have been reported (1).
Dyed polymer films, with two different polymer PVA or PVB and quinaldine
red (QR) were examined, these films are useful as routine high-dose dosimeters.
Improved survival of rohu, Labeorohita (Hamilton-Buchanan) and silver carp, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Valenciennes) fingerlings using low-dose quinaldine
and benzocaine during transport.
& KUMLU, M., 2001.--The Anaesthetics efects of quinaldine
sulphate and/ or diazepam on sea bass (Dicentrarchus labras) JuveNiles.
Specimens were collected with the use of quinaldine
sulfate, rotenone, or a pole spear during snorkeling or scuba diving, as well as by bottom trawling and hook and line fishing.
BPBM 20241, 57 mm, Mauritius, west coast off Medine (north of Flic en Flac), reef in 30 m, quinaldine
All specimens of all species discussed here were collected using quinaldine
and are archived at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Marine Vertebrate Collection (Las Animas collection number = SIO 09-261; Maria Cleofas collection number = SIO 10-132).