# correlation

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## cor·re·la·tion

(kôr′ə-lā′shən, kŏr′-)*n.*

**1.**A relationship or connection between two things based on co-occurrence or pattern of change: a correlation between drug abuse and crime.

**2.**

*Statistics*The tendency for two values or variables to change together, in either the same or opposite way: As cigarette smoking increases, so does the incidence of lung cancer, indicating a positive correlation.

**3.**An act of correlating or the condition of being correlated.

[Medieval Latin correlātiō, correlātiōn- : Latin com-,

*com-*+ Latin relātiō,*relation, report*(from relātus, past participle of referre,*to carry back*; see**relate**).]**cor′re·la′tion·al**

*adj.*

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

## correlation

(ˌkɒrɪˈleɪʃən)*n*

**1.**a mutual or reciprocal relationship between two or more things

**2.**the act or process of correlating or the state of being correlated

**3.**(Statistics)

*statistics*the extent of correspondence between the ordering of two variables. Correlation is positive or direct when two variables move in the same direction and negative or inverse when they move in opposite directions

[C16: from Medieval Latin

*correlātiō,*from*com-*together +*relātiō,*relation]**ˌcorreˈlational**

*adj*

Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

## cor•re•la•tion

(ˌkɔr əˈleɪ ʃən, ˌkɒr-)*n.*

**1.**mutual relation of two or more things, parts, etc.

**2.**the act of correlating or the state of being correlated.

**3.**(in statistics) the degree to which two or more attributes or measurements on the same group of elements show a tendency to vary together.

[1555–65; < Medieval Latin]

**cor`re•la′tion•al,**

*adj.*

Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

## correlation

**1.**In air defense, the determination that an aircraft appearing on a detection or display device, or visually, is the same as that on which information is being received from another source.

**2.**In intelligence usage, the process which associates and combines data on a single entity or subject from independent observations, in order to improve the reliability or credibility of the information.

Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. US Department of Defense 2005.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonyms

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Noun | 1. | correlation - a reciprocal relation between two or more thingsreciprocality, reciprocity - a relation of mutual dependence or action or influence |

2. | correlation - a statistic representing how closely two variables co-vary; it can vary from -1 (perfect negative correlation) through 0 (no correlation) to +1 (perfect positive correlation); "what is the correlation between those two variables?"statistics - a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters parametric statistic - any statistic computed by procedures that assume the data were drawn from a particular distribution Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient, product-moment correlation coefficient - the most commonly used method of computing a correlation coefficient between variables that are linearly related multiple correlation coefficient - an estimate of the combined influence of two or more variables on the observed (dependent) variable biserial correlation, biserial correlation coefficient - a correlation coefficient in which one variable is many-valued and the other is dichotomous chance-half correlation, split-half correlation - a correlation coefficient calculated between scores on two halves of a test; taken as an indication of the reliability of the test tetrachoric correlation, tetrachoric correlation coefficient - a correlation coefficient computed for two normally distributed variables that are both expressed as a dichotomy | |

3. | correlation - a statistical relation between two or more variables such that systematic changes in the value of one variable are accompanied by systematic changes in the otherstatistics - a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters correlational analysis - the use of statistical correlation to evaluate the strength of the relations between variables curvilinear correlation, nonlinear correlation, skew correlation - any correlation in which the rates of change of the variables is not constant partial correlation - a correlation between two variables when the effects of one or more related variables are removed direct correlation, positive correlation - a correlation in which large values of one variable are associated with large values of the other and small with small; the correlation coefficient is between 0 and +1 indirect correlation, negative correlation - a correlation in which large values of one variable are associated with small values of the other; the correlation coefficient is between 0 and -1 spurious correlation - a correlation between two variables (e.g., between the number of electric motors in the home and grades at school) that does not result from any direct relation between them (buying electric motors will not raise grades) but from their relation to other variables |

Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

## correlation

*noun*correspondence, link, relation, connection, equivalence There is a correlation between smoking and lung cancer.

Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

## correlation

*noun*

A logical or natural association between two or more things:

connection, interconnection, interdependence, interrelationship, link, linkage, relation, relationship, tie-in.

*Informal:*hookup.

The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Translations

**korelace**

**korrelaatio**

**riippuvuussuhde**

**vastaavuussuhde**

**korelacja**

**corelaţie**

**korrelation**

Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

## correlation

*n*(= correspondence) → Beziehung

*f*; (= close relationship) → enger

*or*direkter Zusammenhang; (Math, Statistics) → Korrelation

*f*

Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

## correlation

*n*correlación

*f*

English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

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