polymerase

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Related to RNA-dependent RNA polymerase: replicase

pol·y·mer·ase

 (pə-lĭm′ə-rās′, -rāz′, pŏl′ə-mə-)
n.
Any of various enzymes, such as DNA polymerase, RNA polymerase, or reverse transcriptase, that catalyze the formation of polynucleotides of DNA or RNA using an existing strand of DNA or RNA as a template.

polymerase

(pəˈlɪməreɪz)
n
(Biochemistry) any enzyme that catalyses the synthesis of a polymer, esp the synthesis of DNA or RNA

pol•y•mer•ase

(ˈpɒl ə məˌreɪs, -ˌreɪz)

n.
any of several enzymes that catalyze the formation of a long-chain molecule by linking smaller molecular units.
[1955–60]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.polymerase - an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of new DNA and RNA from an existing strand of DNA or RNA
enzyme - any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions
DNA polymerase - the enzyme responsible for DNA replication
RNA polymerase, transcriptase - the enzyme that copies DNA into RNA
reverse transcriptase - a polymerase that catalyzes the formation of DNA using RNA as a template; found especially in retroviruses
References in periodicals archive ?
BAMFORD (2002): <<Cellular RNA-dependent RNA polymerase involved in posttranscriptional gene silencing has two distinct activity modes>>, Molecular Cell, vol.
Crystal structure of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase from hepatitis C virus reveals a fully encircled active site.
This may be important for viruses as the low fidelity of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase produces high mutation rates in some RNA viruses.
Inhibitex is developing a series of proprietary nucleotide inhibitors that target the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (NS5b) of HCV.
Phylogenetic comparisons of the capsid protein sequence, RNA-dependent RNA polymerase protein sequence, and whole-genome nucleotide sequence placed PoAstV3/USA/IA/7023/2017 in the same cluster as other strains of PoAstV-3 (Figure, panels A-C).
Andres Tellez, principal, business development and strategy, served as the lead author on a research article published in The Journal of Molecular Biology, entitled "Interstitial contacts in an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase lattice.
Subsequent genotyping of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene in 28 (33%) of the case-patients indicated that all of them were infected with strains belonging to the GII.