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1. The belief that race accounts for differences in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others.
2. Discrimination or prejudice based on race.

rac′ist adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈreɪsɪzəm) or


1. (Sociology) the belief that races have distinctive cultural characteristics determined by hereditary factors and that this endows some races with an intrinsic superiority over others
2. (Sociology) abusive or aggressive behaviour towards members of another race on the basis of such a belief
ˈracist, ˈracialist n, adj
racialistic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈreɪ sɪz əm)

1. a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human races determine cultural or individual achievement, usu. involving the idea that one's own race is superior.
2. a policy, system of government, etc., based on such a doctrine.
3. hatred or intolerance of another race or other races.
[1865–70; < French racisme. See race2, -ism]
rac′ist, n., adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. a belief that human races have distinctive characteristics that determine their respective cultures, usually involving the idea that one’s race is superior and has the right to control others.
2. a belief in a policy of enforcing the asserted right of control. — racist, n., adj.
See also: Attitudes
a belief that human races have distinctive characteristics that determine their respective cultures, usually involving the idea that one’s race is superior and has the right to control others. — racist, adj.
See also: Race
discrimination on the basis of race, especially against blacks and other non-whites.
See also: Discrimination
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.



Jim Crow Racial discrimination; laws which forbid interracial contact, as in public places and schools; also, Jim Crowism. This term originated in the popular plantation song by Thomas D. “Daddy” Rice (1828):

Wheel about and turn about
And do jis so,
Ebry time I wheel about
I jump Jim Crow.

After the Civil War Reconstruction, the phrase was applied to the many laws which limited the rights of Blacks, and more loosely, to racial bigotry itself.

One hundred years of frustration and battle have not resulted in victory over Jim Crow and racism. (Freedomways, XIII, 1973)

The expression has also become a disparaging epithet for any Negro.

Picturesque Expressions: A Thematic Dictionary, 1st Edition. © 1980 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.racism - the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior to members of other races
bias, prejudice, preconception - a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation
antisemitism, anti-Semitism - the intense dislike for and prejudice against Jewish people
white supremacy - the prejudice that members of the white race are superior to members of other races
2.racism - discriminatory or abusive behavior towards members of another race
discrimination, favoritism, favouritism - unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice
racial profiling - a form of racism consisting of the (alleged) policy of policemen who stop and search vehicles driven by persons belonging to particular racial groups
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
인종 차별주의
sự phân biệt chủng tộc


[ˈreɪsɪzəm] Nracismo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ˈreɪsɪzəm] nracisme m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


nRassismus nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[ˈreɪsɪzm] nrazzismo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


تـَمْيِيزٌ عُنْصُرِيّ rasismus racisme Rassismus ρατσισμός racismo rasismi racisme rasizam razzismo 人種差別 인종 차별주의 racisme rasisme rasizm racismo расизм rasism การเหยียดเชื้อชาติ ırkçılık sự phân biệt chủng tộc 种族主义
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in periodicals archive ?
The world has mixed races and thus the notion of racial purity, I dare argue, is almost inexistent.
National Socialist and author of Germany's eugenics laws Ernst Rudin's call for "racial purity" was published in Margaret Sanger's Birth Control Review.
Lest we forget, Eleos offers an examination that is at once an inspection of Jewish/German relationships, issues of racial purity and survival mechanisms, moral failures leading to tragedy, and the psyches of those who both survived and instigated atrocities.
Key issues are the place of sterilization in the child welfare system, the role of institutions in the process of securing sterilizations, and the construction of the concept of the "feeble-minded." Ladd-Taylor argues that fears of racial purity were secondary to fiscal concerns and the state's administrative structure: "When eugenic sterilization is examined from a social welfare perspective, it appears less like a deliberate plan for genetic improvement than a mundane and all-too-modern tale of fiscal politics, troubled families, and deeply felt cultural attitudes about disability, welfare dependency, sexuality, and gender" (2).
They ring with distant but unmistakable echoes of the nightmarish events of the 1930s and 1940s: the racial purity laws, the economic indignities, the despairing suicides, the liquidation of the disabled, the digging up of Jewish graves in cemeteries, the deportations, the ghettos, the shootings in batch after batch, the pits of corpses, the emptied orphanages, the terrified walk to the gas chamber.
Another common narrative of white supremacy is the notion of white racial purity (Bush, 2009; Coleman, 2007; Dorr, 2004; Smith, 2002) which is founded on the idea that "the white race would be diluted, polluted, and dumbed down" (Foster, 2013, p.
But Netanyahu also insisted that in its purveyors' deadly pursuit of racial purity, the Inquisition was a precursor to the Holocaust.
Much of its attention is focused on the Nazi legal system, which regarded accused criminals as guilty if they were deemed unfit members of the Aryan bloodline and decided they deserved to die in the name of racial purity. The Holocaust in part arose from the same racism; Jewish populations were regarded as subhuman and compared to bacteria by a government that considered their extermination essential.
With the eugenics movement gaining popularity and the Roman Catholic Church--a foreign entity--accused of attempting to silence public debate about birth control, visions of racial purity, lower-class population control, and preserving First Amendment rights drove Protestant support for Sanger as much as concern for the sanctity of the marriage bed.
When Canadian doctorate student Lacey Willmott agreed to take a customer survey for bonus airline miles, she did not expect to be grilled about her thoughts on racial purity. However, the Canadian loyalty program, Aeroplan, included controversial survey questions about immigration, gender roles in society and same-sex marriage, (http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/aeroplan-survey-crop-immigration-1.4599686?cmp=rss) CBC reported.
(2016), they are derisive about fantasies of racial purity, black or white.