chess(redirected from Rank and file (chess))
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia.
A board game for two players, each beginning with 16 pieces of six kinds that are moved according to individual rules, with the objective of checkmating the opposing king.
[Middle English ches, short for Old French esches, pl. of eschec, check in chess; see check.]
Any of several species of brome, especially Bromus secalinus.
n. pl. chess or chess·es
One of the floorboards of a pontoon bridge.
[Middle English ches, tier, perhaps from Old French chasse, frame, from Latin capsa, box.]
(Chess & Draughts) a game of skill for two players using a chessboard on which chessmen are moved. Initially each player has one king, one queen, two rooks, two bishops, two knights, and eight pawns, which have different types of moves according to kind. The object is to checkmate the opponent's king
[C13: from Old French esches, plural of eschec check (at chess); see check]
(Plants) US a less common name for rye-brome
[C18: of unknown origin]
n, pl chess or chesses
(Civil Engineering) a floorboard of the deck of a pontoon bridge
[C15 (in the sense: layer, tier): from Old French chasse frame, from Latin capsa box]
a game played on a chessboard by two people who maneuver 16 pieces each according to rules governing movement of the six kinds of pieces (pawn, rook, knight, bishop, queen, king), the object being to bring the opponent's king into checkmate.
[1150–1200; Middle English < Old French esches, pl. of eschec check]
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||chess - weedy annual native to Europe but widely distributed as a weed especially in wheat|
|2.||chess - a board game for two players who move their 16 pieces according to specific rules; the object is to checkmate the opponent's king|
chess move - the act of moving a chess piece
en passant - (chess) a chess pawn that is moved two squares can be captured by an opponent's pawn commanding the square that was passed
exchange - (chess) the capture by both players (usually on consecutive moves) of pieces of equal value; "the endgame began after the exchange of queens"
exchange - (chess) gaining (or losing) a rook in return for a knight or bishop; "black lost the exchange"
check - (chess) a direct attack on an opponent's king
chess opening, opening - a recognized sequence of moves at the beginning of a game of chess; "he memorized all the important chess openings"
counterplay, counterattack - (chess) an attack that is intended to counter the opponent's advantage in another part of the board
board game - a game played on a specially designed board
shogi - a form of chess played on a board of 81 squares; each player has 20 pieces
bishop - (chess) a piece that can be moved diagonally over unoccupied squares of the same color
black - (board games) the darker pieces
rook, castle - (chess) the piece that can move any number of unoccupied squares in a direction parallel to the sides of the chessboard
king - (chess) the weakest but the most important piece
knight, horse - a chessman shaped to resemble the head of a horse; can move two squares horizontally and one vertically (or vice versa)
pawn - (chess) the least powerful piece; moves only forward and captures only to the side; it can be promoted to a more powerful piece if it reaches the 8th rank
queen - (chess) the most powerful piece
white - (board games) the lighter pieces
development - a state in which things are improving; the result of developing (as in the early part of a game of chess); "after he saw the latest development he changed his mind and became a supporter"; "in chess your should take care of your development before moving your queen"
develop - move into a strategically more advantageous position; "develop the rook"
develop - move one's pieces into strategically more advantageous positions; "Spassky developed quickly"
stalemate - subject to a stalemate
castle - move the king two squares toward a rook and in the same move the rook to the square next past the king
open - make the opening move; "Kasparov opened with a standard opening"
promote - change a pawn for a better piece by advancing it to the eighth row, or change a checker piece for a more valuable piece by moving it to the row closest to your opponent
checkmate, mate - place an opponent's king under an attack from which it cannot escape and thus ending the game; "Kasparov checkmated his opponent after only a few moves"
check - place into check; "He checked my kings"
fork - place under attack with one's own pieces, of two enemy pieces
pin - immobilize a piece
queen - become a queen; "her pawn queened"
|Queen's rook, QR|
chess[tʃɛs] n → scacchi mpl
a game for two played with thirty-two (usually black and white) pieces (ˈchessmen) on a board (ˈchessboard) with sixty-four (usually black and white) squares. skaak لُعْبَةُ الشطرنج шах xadrez šachy das Schachspiel skak σκάκι male شطرنج shakki échecs שַׁח-מָט शतरंज šah sakk catur skák scacchi チェス 체스 šachmatai šahs (spēle) catur schaaksjakkszachy شطرنج xadrez şah шахматы šach šah (igra) šah schack หมากรุก satranç 西洋象棋 шахи شطرنج môn cờ 国际象棋