Raskolnik

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Ras`kol´nik

    (răs`kǒl´nĭk)
n.1.The name applied by the Russian government to any subject of the Greek faith who dissents from the established church. The Raskolniki embrace many sects, whose common characteristic is a clinging to antique traditions, habits, and customs. The schism originated in 1667 in an ecclesiastical dispute as to the correctness of the translation of the religious books. The dissenters, who have been continually persecuted, are believed to number about 20,000,000, although the Holy Synod officially puts the number at about 2,000,000. They are officially divided into three groups according to the degree of their variance from orthodox beliefs and observances, as follows: I. "Most obnoxious." the Judaizers; the Molokane, who refuse to recognize civil authority or to take oaths; the Dukhobortsy, or Dukhobors, who are communistic, marry without ceremony, and believe that Christ was human, but that his soul reappears at intervals in living men; the Khlysty, who countenance anthropolatory, are ascetics, practice continual self-flagellation, and reject marriage; the Skoptsy, who practice castration; and a section of the Bezpopovtsy, or priestless sect, which disbelieve in prayers for the Czar and in marriage. II. "Obnoxious:" the Bezpopovtsy, who pray for the Czar and recognize marriage. III. "Least obnoxious:" the Popovtsy, who dissent from the orthodox church in minor points only.
References in periodicals archive ?
Esipov, Raskol 'nich 'i dela XVIII stoletiia: Izvlechennye iz del Preobrazhenskogo prikaza i Tainoi Rozysknykb del kantseliarii (St.
Tales of the raskol gangs (street gangs') exploits are many: At night, they carry bats, stones, machetes to stop even a moving vehicle rushing to a safe, heavily guarded home.
This narrative confirms the sense of the protagonist's onomatology, as the name Raskolnikov evokes a schismatic religious dissident in Russia, one raskolnik, and the Russian radical raskol meaning "split.
Obolensky had previously worked with the theatre on Raskol, a musical retelling of Crime and Punishment.
He uses the stage name of Raskol Khan and is of Irish and Iranian descent.
McGoldrick raps as The Raskol Khan, often with the Freddy Fuego Sextet, an evolving group of musicians based in Harlem.
Police initially believed the country's notorious Raskol criminals were behind the killing and arrested a man on suspicion of murder in January.
It is interesting to read about the origins of two representative groups of "spiritual Christians" (the Dukhobors and the Molokans), as well as the historical survey of the raskol (schism) within the Russian Orthodox Church, which burst onto the stage of history following the reforms instituted by Patriarch Nikon.
Police in Papua New Guinea believe the brutal killers are members of the notorious Raskol crime gang.
Port Moresby's Raskol gangs, implicated in crimes including drug cultivation, smuggling, rape, robbery, fraud, murder and corruption, have threatened to shoot Australian police officers if they ''try and take our lives away.
Raskolnikov gets his name from the Russian word raskol, which means a split or schism, and represents the conflict between his intellectual justifications for the crime and the moral revulsion he feels.
Although concerned with the seventeenth century, its observations and conclusions, especially those concerning the history of the concept of "schism" or raskol, are far-reaching and raise significant questions for the subsequent history of Old Belief.