inference

(redirected from Rational inference)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia.
Related to Rational inference: reasonableness, deductive reasoning

in·fer·ence

 (ĭn′fər-əns)
n.
1.
a. The act or process of deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumed to be true.
b. The act of reasoning from factual knowledge or evidence.
2.
a. Something inferred.
b. Usage Problem A hint or suggestion: The editorial contained an inference of foul play in the awarding of the contract. See Usage Note at infer.

inference

(ˈɪnfərəns; -frəns)
n
1. the act or process of inferring
2. an inferred conclusion, deduction, etc
3. (Logic) any process of reasoning from premises to a conclusion
4. (Logic) logic the specific mode of reasoning used. See also deduction4, induction4

in•fer•ence

(ˈɪn fər əns, -frəns)

n.
1. the act or process of inferring.
2. something that is inferred.
3. Logic.
a. the process of deriving from assumed premises either the strict logical conclusion or one that is to some degree probable.
b. a proposition reached by a process of inference.
[1585–95; < Medieval Latin]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.inference - the reasoning involved in drawing a conclusion or making a logical judgment on the basis of circumstantial evidence and prior conclusions rather than on the basis of direct observation
abstract thought, logical thinking, reasoning - thinking that is coherent and logical
analogy - an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others
corollary - (logic) an inference that follows directly from the proof of another proposition
derivation - a line of reasoning that shows how a conclusion follows logically from accepted propositions
entailment, implication, deduction - something that is inferred (deduced or entailed or implied); "his resignation had political implications"
extrapolation - an inference about the future (or about some hypothetical situation) based on known facts and observations
presumption - (law) an inference of the truth of a fact from other facts proved or admitted or judicially noticed

inference

noun deduction, conclusion, assumption, reading, consequence, presumption, conjecture, surmise, corollary There were two inferences to be drawn from her letter.

inference

noun
A position arrived at by reasoning from premises or general principles:
Translations
إسْتِدْلال، إسْتِنْتاج
dedukcezávěr
følgeslutningslutning
ályktun
sonuç/anlam

inference

[ˈɪnfərəns] Ndeducción f, inferencia f
by inferencepor deducción
to draw inferencessacar conclusiones
to draw an inference from sthhacer una deducción de algo

inference

[ˈɪnfərəns] n
(= deduction) → conclusion f
to draw an inference from sth → tirer une conclusion de qch
the inference is that ... → on doit en conclure que ...
by inference → par déduction

inference

nSchluss (→ folgerung f) m; it has a tiny head and, by inference, a tiny braines hat einen winzigen Kopf und demzufolge ein winziges Gehirn; he said, by inference, that …implizit sagte er, dass …

inference

[ˈɪnfrns] ndeduzione f, illazione f

infer

(inˈfəː) past tense, past participle inˈferred verb
to judge (from facts or evidence). I inferred from your silence that you were angry.
ˈinference noun
References in periodicals archive ?
There was no probative evidence supporting the trial court's legal determination that venue was proper in Denton County, and no rational inference could have been made placing venue in Denton County at the time the claim accrued.
But there are also many others," Oxford's website says, "since the two disciplines share a broad focus on the representation of information and rational inference, embracing common interests in algorithms, cognition, intelligence, language, models, proof, and verification.
If pipe grade is in question and the replacement spools can be grouped with a degree of certainty as a single pipe type (from the ILI results), then a single excavation with perhaps a single cut-out for metallurgical testing can offer a rational inference that all of the like spool pieces hold the same properties.
Statistics is a value-flee science, concerned with rational inference and prediction.