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A country of east-central Africa. By the late 1700s, the region was the site of a Tutsi kingdom inhabited principally by Hutus. In 1890 it became part of German East Africa and later (1919) part of the Belgian League of Nations mandate of Ruanda-Urundi. Rwanda achieved independence from Belgium in 1962. In 1990 the country was invaded by the Rwandan Patriotic Front, a group largely composed of exiled Tutsis, which signed a peace agreement with the government in 1992. Ethnic fighting broke out again in 1994, and with the assassination of the president, the Hutu government initiated a campaign of genocide. It is estimated that 800,000 people were murdered before Tutsis seized control of the government one hundred days later. Many Rwandan Hutus fled to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, leading to ongoing conflict between the two countries. Kigali is the capital and largest city.

Rwan′dan adj. & n.


(Placename) a republic in central Africa: part of German East Africa from 1899 until 1917, when Belgium took over the administration; became a republic in 1961 after a Hutu revolt against the Tutsi (1959); fighting between the ethnic groups broke out repeatedly after independence, culminating in the genocide of Tutsis by Hutus in 1994. Official languages: Kinyarwanda, English, French, and Swahili. Religion: Roman Catholic, African Protestant, Muslim, and animist. Currency: Rwanda franc. Capital: Kigali. Pop: 12 012 589 (2013 est). Area: 26 338 sq km (10 169 sq miles). Former name (until 1962): Ruanda


(ruˈɑn də)

a republic in central Africa, E of the Democratic Republic of the Congo: formerly comprising the N part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urundi; became independent 1962. 8,154,933; 10,169 sq. mi. (26,338 sq. km). Cap.: Kigali.
Rwan′dan, adj., n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Rwanda - a landlocked republic in central AfricaRwanda - a landlocked republic in central Africa; formerly a German colony
ALIR, Army for the Liberation of Rwanda, FAR, Former Armed Forces, Interahamwe - a terrorist organization that seeks to overthrow the government dominated by Tutsi and to institute Hutu control again; "in 1999 ALIR guerrillas kidnapped and killed eight foreign tourists"
East Africa - a geographical area in eastern Africa
capital of Rwanda, Kigali - the national capital and largest city of Rwanda; located in central Rwanda
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Kivu, Lake Kivu - a lake in the mountains of central Africa between Congo and Rwanda
Hutu - a member of a Bantu people living in Rwanda and Burundi
Tutsi, Watusi, Watutsi - a member of a Bantu speaking people living in Rwanda and Burundi
Rwandan - a native or inhabitant of Rwanda


[rʊˈændə] NRuanda f


nRuanda nt
References in periodicals archive ?
He said that the international tribunal should be formed on Kashmir as it was formed for Rawanda and Somalia.
He said out country was being dragged towards Rawanda like state.
In 1999, the then UN Secretary General Kofi Annan appointed a panel on United Nations peace operations tasked with preparing a detailed report assessing the shortcomings and failures of the UN in Rawanda and Srebrenica.
'Dhoni is in England to play cricket not to for MahaBharta, what an idiotic debate in Indian Media, a section of Indian media is so obsessed with War they should be sent to Syria, Afghanistan Or Rawanda as mercenaries,' Fawad tweeted.
Scottish Water's decision was welcomed by Scottish Government Communities Secretary Aileen Campbell who announced PS100,000 of additional funding for projects in Rawanda to provide better access to sanitary products.
Implementing curriculum change: Literature reviews-South Africa, Rawanda, and Pakistan.
'Mama and Papa Nothing': Living with infertility among an urban population in Kigali, Rawanda. Hum Repro 2011; 26(3): 623-629.
(14) Moara Crivelente, "Recovery in Rawanda: Traditional Courts for Reconciliation,Transconflict website, 28 May 2012, http://www.transconflict.Com/2012/05/recovery-in-rwanda-traditional-courts-for-reconciliation-285.
Zanzibari cuisine refers to the cuisine not only from the Zanzibar Archipelago, but also from other areas of East Africa such as mainland Tanzania, Burundi, and Rawanda. The fact that this region has been inhabited by a vast number of people over the course of history, ranging from the Bantus, to the Arabs, Indians, Europeans and even the Chinese; their influence is reflected in its food.
Ms Novelli also apprised Finance Minister about the progress in the ongoing 28th meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol, taking place in Kigali, Rawanda.
The Africa Yoga Project started by Paige Elenson in 2007 in Nairobi, Kenya, teaches yoga to people across 10 African countries including South Africa, Sierra Leone, Rawanda and Uganda.
transfusion centres in Rawanda. The Rwandan government will use Zipline drones to