Treatment usually includes the use of antibiotic trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and in some cases, use of anti-diarrheal medications could be recommended. Though the infection has few complications, relapsing illness, malabsorption, cholecystitis, and Reiter's syndrome
have been reported, E Medicine Health (https://www.emedicinehealth.com/cyclospora_infection_cyclosporiasis/article_em.htm#what_are_the_causes_and_risk_factors_for_cyclospora_infection) reported.
Another manifestation of our patient was arthritis with uveitis3 hence leading us to consider Reiter's syndrome
. In a study conducted by Shiva Prasad and his team they found that out of 44 cases of proven leprosy the musculoskeletal manifestations included arthritis, swollen hands and feet, arthralgia and vasculitis, apart from 28 cases of lepra reaction presenting with tenosynovitis and arthritis.11 Due to the high bacillary load patient may present with anaemia and thrombocytopenia12 or as pancytopenia due to bone marrow infiltration.13
Reactive arthritis, also known as Reiter's syndrome
, is one of the least understood of the more than 100 forms of arthritis.
In addition to rheumatoid arthritis, MPCs are expected to be used to treat psoriatic arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, sacroiliitis, and arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel disease (enteric arthritis and Reiter's syndrome
Rupture of Baker's cyst producing pseudo-thrombohelebitis in a patient with Reiter's syndrome
. Kaohsjung J Med Sci 2004; 20:600-3.
The differential diagnosis includes rheumatoid arthritis, enthesopathies caused by seronegativespondyloarthritis like Reiter's syndrome
, Psoriatic arthritis and accessory soleus muscle.
epidural abscess, use, elevated ESR, motor deficit bacterial endocarditis Inflammatory conditions: Fever, elevated ESR, weight loss, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic age >50 years spondylitis, Reiter's syndrome
, inflammatory bowel disease Paget's disease Fever, age >50 years ESR, erythrocyte sedimentation rate.
Previous studies have shown the involvement of geographic tongue with various systemic and psychological factors such as anemia emotional stress Reiter's syndrome
allergies diabetes and hormonal disturbances.
(RS) is probably as old as the human race.
Many risk factors have been proposed for geographic tongue including hormonal disturbances and oral contraceptive use, psychological findings, diabetes mellitus, allergic conditions such as atopy, hay fever and rhinitis, dermatological diseases such as psoriasis, and Reiter's Syndrome
Pitting has been reported in patients with Reiter's syndrome
, a type of arthritis, and incontinentia pigmenti, a genetic skin condition.
Some infections can lead to a systemic reactive arthritis (or Reiter's syndrome