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1. Considered in comparison or relation to something else: an animal with a large brain relative to body size; the relative quiet of the suburbs.
2. Having pertinence or relevance; connected or related: How are those remarks relative to the discussion?
3. Grammar Referring to or qualifying an antecedent, as the pronoun who in the man who was on TV or that in the dictionary that I use.
4. Music Having the same key signature. Used of major and minor scales and keys: A minor is the relative minor of C major.
a. A person related to another by heredity, adoption, or marriage.
b. A species or other taxon that shares a common ancestor, usually a relatively recent ancestor, with another: The jaguar is a relative of the lion.
2. Grammar A relative pronoun.

[Middle English, from Old French relatif, from Late Latin relātīvus, from Latin relātus, past participle of referre, to relate; see relate.]

rel′a·tive·ness n.


1. having meaning or significance only in relation to something else; not absolute: a relative value.
2. (prenominal) (of a scientific quantity) being measured or stated relative to some other substance or measurement: relative humidity; relative density. Compare absolute10
3. (prenominal) comparative or respective: the relative qualities of speed and accuracy.
4. (foll by: to) in proportion (to); corresponding (to): earnings relative to production.
5. having reference (to); pertinent (to): matters not relative to the topic under discussion.
6. (Grammar) grammar denoting or belonging to a class of words that function as subordinating conjunctions in introducing relative clauses. In English, relative pronouns and determiners include who, which, and that. Compare demonstrative5, interrogative3
7. (Grammar) grammar denoting or relating to a clause (relative clause) that modifies a noun or pronoun occurring earlier in the sentence
8. (Music, other) (of a musical key or scale) having the same key signature as another key or scale: C major is the relative major of A minor.
9. a person who is related by blood or marriage; relation
10. (Grammar) a relative pronoun, clause, or grammatical construction
[C16: from Late Latin relātīvus referring]
ˈrelativeness n


(ˈrɛl ə tɪv)

1. a person who is connected with another by blood or marriage.
2. something having, or standing in, some relation to something else.
3. something dependent upon external conditions for its specific nature, size, etc. (opposed to absolute).
4. a relative pronoun, adjective, or adverb.
5. considered in relation to something else; comparative: the relative merits of gas and electric heating.
6. existing or having its specific nature only by relation to something else; not absolute or independent: Happiness is relative.
7. having relation or connection.
8. having reference; relevant; pertinent (usu. fol. by to): the facts relative to the case.
9. correspondent; proportionate.
10. depending for significance upon something else: “Better” is a relative term.
11. of or designating a word that introduces a subordinate clause and refers to an expressed or implied element of the principal clause: the relative pronoun who in “That was the woman who called”; the relative adverb where in “This is the house where I was born.”
12. (of a musical key) having the same key signature as another key: a relative minor.
[1350–1400; Middle English relatif (n.) (< Middle French) < Late Latin relātīvus (adj.); see relate, -ive]
rel′a•tive•ly, adv.



These words are used to refer to people or to connections between people.

1. 'relation' and 'relative'

Your relations or relatives are the members of your family.

I said that I was a relation of her first husband.
I'm going to visit some relatives.

The relations between people or groups are the contacts between them and the way they behave towards each other.

Relations between the two men had not improved.
Britain has close relations with the US.
2. 'relationship'

You can talk in a similar way about the relationship between two people or groups.

The old relationship between the friends was quickly re-established.
Senor Zapatero has shown that he is keen to have a close relationship with Britain.

A relationship is also a close friendship between two people, especially one involving sexual or romantic feelings.

When the relationship ended two months ago, he was very upset.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.relative - a person related by blood or marriagerelative - a person related by blood or marriage; "police are searching for relatives of the deceased"; "he has distant relations back in New Jersey"
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
kin group, kindred, kinship group, clan, kin, tribe - group of people related by blood or marriage
ancestor, antecedent, ascendant, ascendent, root - someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)
cousin, cousin-german, first cousin, full cousin - the child of your aunt or uncle
descendant, descendent - a person considered as descended from some ancestor or race
in-law, relative-in-law - a relative by marriage
blood relation, blood relative, cognate, sib - one related by blood or origin; especially on sharing an ancestor with another
kin, kinsperson, family - a person having kinship with another or others; "he's kin"; "he's family"
enate, matrikin, matrilineal kin, matrilineal sib, matrisib - one related on the mother's side
agnate, patrikin, patrilineal kin, patrilineal sib, patrisib - one related on the father's side
kinsman - a male relative
kinswoman - a female relative
kissing cousin, kissing kin - a more or less distant relative; familiar enough to be greeted with a kiss
next of kin - the person who is (or persons who are) most closely related to a given person
offspring, progeny, issue - the immediate descendants of a person; "she was the mother of many offspring"; "he died without issue"
second cousin - a child of a first cousin
sib, sibling - a person's brother or sister
better half, married person, partner, spouse, mate - a person's partner in marriage
2.relative - an animal or plant that bears a relationship to another (as related by common descent or by membership in the same genus)
organism, being - a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
Adj.1.relative - estimated by comparison; not absolute or complete; "a relative stranger"
absolute - perfect or complete or pure; "absolute loyalty"; "absolute silence"; "absolute truth"; "absolute alcohol"
2.relative - properly related in size or degree or other measurable characteristics; usually followed by `to'; "the punishment ought to be proportional to the crime"; "earnings relative to production"
proportionate - being in due proportion; "proportionate representation of a minority group"


1. relation, connection, kinsman or kinswoman, member of your or the family Do relatives of yours still live in Siberia?
1. comparative, considerable, reasonable, moderate, in comparison a period of relative calm
2. corresponding, comparable, respective, comparative, reciprocal, correlative the relative importance of education in 50 countries
3. (with to) in proportion to, corresponding to, proportionate to, proportional to The satellite remains in one spot relative to the earth's surface.
"Every man sees in his relatives, and especially in his cousins, a series of grotesque caricatures of himself" [H.L. Mencken Prejudices]
"When you are courting a nice girl an hour seems like a second. When you sit on a red-hot cinder a second seems like an hour. That's relativity" [Albert Einstein]


1. Estimated by comparison:
2. Determined or to be determined by someone or something else:
A person connected to another person by blood or marriage:
أحد الأقْرِباء، أحد أفراد العائِلَهضَمير الصِّلَهقَريبنِسْبي
ættingií samanburîi viîskyldmennitilvísunar-
họ hàng


1. (= comparative) [safety, peace, comfort, ease] → relativo
her relative lack of experiencesu relativa falta de experiencia
he is a relative newcomeres relativamente nuevo
it's all relativetodo es relativo
in relative termsrelativamente
petrol consumption is relative to speedel consumo de gasolina está en relación con la velocidad
there is a shortage of labour relative to demandhay escasez de trabajadores en relación con la demanda
2. (= respective) the relative merits of the two systemslos méritos de cada uno de los dos sistemas
3. (= relevant) relative torelativo a, concerniente a
the documents relative to the problemla documentación relativa or concerniente al problema
4. (Ling) → relativo
relative clauseoración f subordinada relativa, oración f (subordinada) de relativo
relative pronounpronombre m relativo
5. (Mus) → relativo
B. Npariente mf, familiar mf
friends and relativesamigos mpl y familiares
a close/distant relativeun pariente cercano/lejano


nparent(e) m/f
all her relatives
BUT toute sa famille.
my close relatives → mes proches parents
(= comparative) → relatif/ive
a period of relative calm → une période de calme relatif
relative to sth → relativement à qch
it's all relative → tout est relatif
(= respective) → respectif/ive
the relative merits of London and Paris → les mérites respectifs de Londres et Parisrelative clause n(proposition f) relative f


(= comparative, not absolute, Sci) → relativ; happiness is relativeGlück ist relativ; relative to him, she is in a very happy positionverglichen mit ihm ist sie gut dran; fuel consumption is relative to speedder Benzinverbrauch hängt von der Geschwindigkeit ab; to live in relative luxuryverhältnismäßig or relativ luxuriös leben; with relative easerelativ leicht; in relative termsvergleichsweise, relativ gesehen; it’s all relativees ist alles relativ
(= respective)jeweilig; the relative merits of A and Bdie jeweiligen Verdienste von A und B
(= relevant) relative tosich beziehend auf (+acc)
(Gram) → Relativ-; relative pronoun/clauseRelativpronomen nt/-satz m
(Mus) minor, majorparallel
(= person) = relation a
(Gram: = clause) → Relativsatz m; (= pronoun)Relativpronomen nt


1. adj (comparative) (Gram) → relativo/a; (connected) relative tolegato/a a
the relative merits of X and Y → i meriti rispettivi di X e Y
2. nparente m/f


(rəˈleit) verb
1. to tell (a story etc). He related all that had happened to him.
2. (with to) to be about, concerned or connected with. Have you any information relating to the effect of penicillin on mice?
3. (with to) to behave towards. He finds it difficult to relate normally to his mother.
reˈlated adjective
1. belonging to the same family (as). I'm related to the Prime Minister; The Prime Minister and I are related.
2. connected. other related topics.
reˈlation noun
1. a person who belongs to the same family as oneself either by birth or because of marriage. uncles, aunts, cousins and other relations.
2. a relationship (between facts, events etc).
3. (in plural) contact and communications between people, countries etc. to establish friendly relations.
reˈlationship noun
1. the friendship, contact, communications etc which exist between people. He finds it very difficult to form lasting relationships.
2. the fact that, or the way in which, facts, events etc are connected. Is there any relationship between crime and poverty?
3. the state of being related by birth or because of marriage.
relative (ˈrelətiv) noun
a member of one's family; a relation. All his relatives attended the funeral.
1. compared with something else, or with each other, or with a situation in the past etc. the relative speeds of a car and a train; She used to be rich but now lives in relative poverty.
2. (of a pronoun, adjective or clause) referring back to something previously mentioned. the girl who sang the song; the girl who sang the song.
relatively (ˈrelətivli) adverb
when compared to someone or something else. He seems relatively happy now; This is a fairly unimportant problem, relatively speaking.


قَريب příbuzný slægtning Verwandter συγγενής pariente sukulainen parent rođak parente 親戚 친척 familielid slektning krewny parente родственник släkting เครือญาติ göreceli họ hàng 亲戚


1. n. pariente, familiar;
2. gr. pronombre relativo;
a. relativo-a.


n familiar mf, pariente mf; blood — pariente consanguíneo (form), pariente que tiene antepasados en común (con uno); [Note: The RAE lists familiar as masculine only, but feminine usage when referring to females is the norm.]
References in classic literature ?
Dermody, the bailiff, possessed relatives in London, of whom he occasionally spoke, and relatives in Scotland, whom he never mentioned.
His relatives, failing to understand that a question of sentiment was involved in this proceeding, appealed to hard facts, and reminded him that there were no salt mines in the neighborhood.
Nevertheless I should still maintain, that of relatives some have a quality attached to either term of the relation; others are simple and have their correlatives simple.
Possessed of abilities which might have raised him to distinction in almost any career that he could have chosen, he had nevertheless, from his youth upward, been a disgrace to all his relatives.
I address these lines--written in India--to my relatives in England.
He proclaimed him- self an agnostic and was so absorbed in destroying the ideas of God that had crept into the minds of his neighbors that he never saw God manifesting himself in the little child that, half forgotten, lived here and there on the bounty of her dead mother's relatives.
If F-- --K S--FTL--Y will communicate with his distressed and alarmed relatives, Mr.
One of these relatives, though it was no nearer than a third cousin, was Betts Shoreham, whose great-grandmother had been a bona fide de la Rocheaimard, and who was enabled, at once, to point out to the poor deserted orphan some forty or fifty persons, who stood in the same degree of affinity to her.
Now, however, all was to be changed, and Dorothy was really more delighted to know that her dear relatives were to share in her good fortune and enjoy the delights of the Land of Oz, than she was to possess such luxury for herself.
Moreover, some quantities are such that each part of the whole has a relative position to the other parts: others have within them no such relation of part to part.
During the month that the French troops were pillaging in Moscow and the Russian troops were quietly encamped at Tarutino, a change had taken place in the relative strength of the two armies- both in spirit and in number- as a result of which the superiority had passed to the Russian side.
John Jacob Astor, relative to that portion of our country, and to the adventurous traders to Santa Fe and the Columbia.