Particularly Nietzsche, Heidegger, and more recently Alain de Benoist came under attack for allegedly espousing the philosophy which, for their contemporary detractors, recalled the earlier national socialist attempts to "dechristianize" and "repaganize
" Germany.(10) These appear as unwarranted attacks.
In the appendix to his essay, Tolkien goes on to discuss how the Anglo-Saxon concept of dom has made the transition from a pre-Christian meaning of true judgment to the Christian meaning of the Last Judgment and conjectures that the Beowulf poet partially repaganizes
the meaning to both hint at the past heroic ideal and yet still hold out hope that Beowulf as a noble man might be saved.