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A city of northwest Italy west of Florence. On the site of an ancient Ligurian settlement and a Roman colony, it received its city charter in the 1100s and was later an independent republic.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Italian ˈlukka)
(Placename) a city in NW Italy, in Tuscany: centre of a rich agricultural region, noted for the production of olive oil. Pop: 81 862 (2001). Ancient name: Luca
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈlu kə, -kɑ)

a city in NW Italy, W of Florence. 91,656.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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With her statistical information in hand, Comerford concludes her study with five generalizations about diocesan seminaries in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and the Republic of Lucca. First, the seminaries had a limited effect on the clergy.
Chapter 1 explains the institutional structure of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and the independent Republic of Lucca, underlining the particular situation of the different cities, while chapter 2 discusses the concrete condition of clergy in early modern Tuscany.
Gabriella Biagi Ravenni's essay presents an account of how French occupation affected musical life in the republic of Lucca. Beate Angelika Kraus presents an overview of the reception of Beethoven's fifth and seventh symphonies in France.