res judicata

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res ju·di·ca·ta

 (rēz′ jo͞o′dĭ-kä′tə, rās′)
n. pl. res ju·di·ca·tae (-kä′tē, -tī)
1. The principle that a decision by a competent court in a case fully and fairly litigated is final and conclusive as to the claims and issues of the parties and cannot be relitigated.
2. A claim or issue that has been decided under this principle.

[Latin rēs iūdicāta, thing decided : rēs, thing + iūdicāta, feminine past participle of iūdicāre, to judge.]

res judicata

(ˈreɪs ˌdʒuːdɪˈkɑːtə) or

res adjudicata

(Law) law a matter already adjudicated upon that cannot be raised again

res ju•di•ca•ta

(ˈriz ˌdʒu dɪˈkeɪ tə, ˈreɪs)
a thing adjudicated; a case that has been decided.
[1685–95; < Latin]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.res judicata - a matter already settled in court; cannot be raised again
matter, topic, issue, subject - some situation or event that is thought about; "he kept drifting off the topic"; "he had been thinking about the subject for several years"; "it is a matter for the police"
References in periodicals archive ?
According to a statement from the Vatican, Pope Francis has recognised the judgment to be of a "definitive nature" and "res iudicata" which means it is no longer subject to appeal.
1948) with essays on such matters as the transnational dimension for the ne bis in idem principle and the notion of res iudicata in the European Union, implementing Kampala: the new crime of aggression under the German Code of Crimes Against International Law, fundamentally dissenting Judge Schomburg, international criminal liability for incitement and hate speech, and the international prosecution of sexual and gender-based crimes perpetrated during the First World War.
Another factor that essentially contributes to the legal certainty is the force of res iudicata, which surmises that it is forbidden to start a new trial when there is a definitive decision, in a case, between the same persons, with the same object, if there are no new evidences.