EU competition law, vertical restraints, block exemption, black list, market integration, harmonization, resale price maintenance
Resale price maintenance
alleviates the problem of double marginalization, and exclusive dealing enables manufacturers to protect their investments against potential retailer opportunism.
MILES (5) decision giving the business operators a rule of reason in order to determine antitrust harm by a resale price maintenance
Park & Sons (1911), the Court created the per se prohibition of resale price maintenance
contracts, arguably to protect free market competition.
Resale Price Maintenance
and Exclusive Dealing), and those provisions of the TPA that contain absolute or per se prohibitions (e.
Hardcore restrictions include those which have, at least until recently, been regarded as per se infringements in the United States, such as resale price maintenance
7) until 2007, courts deemed minimum resale price maintenance
schemes per se illegal under the Act.
In most instances, manufacturers will now be able to use minimum resale price maintenance
when dealing with retailers without violating federal antitrust laws.
9) and finally of maximum resale price maintenance
Yamey (London School of Economics and Political Science) edited this series of essays that compare the resale price maintenance
practices of Canada, United States, Sweden, Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom, noting how the development of public policy can influence the price of goods.
11) For 96 years, the Court had adhered to a rule of per se illegality for minimum resale price maintenance
(RPM) on the grounds that it was a violation of the Sherman Act.
What this means in practice is that resale price maintenance
agreements might not be inherently illegal if there are justifiable valid business reasons for it.