diphtheria

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diph·the·ri·a

 (dĭf-thîr′ē-ə, dĭp-)
n.
An acute infectious disease caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae, which infects mucous membranes of the throat, causing formation of a thick layer called the false membrane that can obstruct breathing, and producing a potent toxin that enters the bloodstream and causes systemic effects that include damage to the heart and nervous system.

[New Latin diphthēria, from French diphthérie, from Greek diphtherā, piece of hide, leather; see letter.]

diph′the·rit′ic (-thə-rĭt′ĭk), diph·ther′ic (-thĕr′ĭk), diph·the′ri·al adj.

diphtheria

(dɪpˈθɪərɪə; dɪf-)
n
(Pathology) an acute contagious disease caused by the bacillus Corynebacterium diphtheriae, producing fever, severe prostration, and difficulty in breathing and swallowing as the result of swelling of the throat and formation of a false membrane
[C19: New Latin, from French diphthérie, from Greek diphthera leather; from the nature of the membrane]
diphˈtherial, diphtheritic, diphtheric adj
ˈdiphtheˌroid adj

diph•the•ri•a

(dɪfˈθɪər i ə, dɪp-)

n.
a febrile infectious disease caused by the bacillus Corynebacterium diphtheriae, and characterized by the formation of a false membrane in the air passages, esp. the throat.
[1850–55; < French diphthérie < Greek diphthér(a) skin, leather + -ie -ia]
diph•the′ri•al, diph`the•rit′ic (-θəˈrɪt ɪk) adj.

diph·the·ri·a

(dĭf-thîr′ē-ə, dĭp-thîr′ē-ə)
A contagious disease caused by a bacterium and characterized by fever, swollen glands, and the formation of a membrane in the throat that prevents breathing. Diphtheria was once a leading cause of death in children, but now children are routinely immunized against it.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.diphtheria - acute contagious infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriaediphtheria - acute contagious infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae; marked by the formation of a false membrane in the throat and other air passages causing difficulty in breathing
contagion, contagious disease - any disease easily transmitted by contact
Translations
خُناق
záškrt
difteritis
diphtériediphthérie
torokgyík
barnaveiki
difteritas
difterija
záškrt

diphtheria

[dɪfˈθɪərɪə] Ndifteria f

diphtheria

[dɪpˈθɪəriə dɪfˈθɪəriə] ndiphtérie f

diphtheria

nDiphtherie f

diphtheria

[dɪfˈθɪərɪə] ndifterite f

diphtheria

(difˈθiəriə) noun
an infectious disease of the throat.

diph·the·ri·a

n. difteria, enfermedad contagiosa e infecciosa aguda, causada por el bacilo Corynebacterium diphtheriae (Klebs-Löffler), caracterizada por la formación de membranas falsas esp. en la garganta;
___ antitoxinantitoxina contra la ___.

diphtheria

n difteria
References in periodicals archive ?
Respiratory diphtheria, caused by toxigenic strains of the gram-positive bacillus Corynebacterium diphtheriae, is an upper respiratory tract disease characterized by a sore throat; mild fever; and gray-white pseudomembrane on the tonsils, larynx, or pharynx.
ulcerans is uncommon but has been reported in industrialized countries where respiratory diphtheria is rare.
Cutaneous diphtheria has been shown to be more contagious than respiratory diphtheria (8).
Cases of respiratory diphtheria continue to occur sporadically among persons in the United States (1).
Historical data suggest that cutaneous diphtheria could be more contagious than respiratory diphtheria because environmental contamination from the skin is more common (5).
Respiratory diphtheria can be severe or fatal in unvaccinated persons; even with appropriate treatment, 5%-10% of patients with diphtheria die (1).
Although rapid administration of diphtheria antitoxin reduces the case-fatality rate for respiratory diphtheria, antitoxin administration after day 1 of diphtheritic polyneuropathy shows no benefit (22).
Since the introduction and widespread use of diphtheria toxoid beginning in the 1920s, respiratory diphtheria has been well controlled in the United States.
Classical respiratory diphtheria is characterized by formation of a gray-white pseudomembrane in the throat that is firmly adherent (8).

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