There is ample evidence (for instance, the extensive literature regarding "spontaneous recovery" in operant and respondent conditioning
effects) that repetition, the passage of time, and altered contexts have behavior-modifying effects, as do the reinforcing effects of concept refreshment.
They describe the history of the field, the experimental analysis of behavior, reflexive behavior and respondent conditioning
, reinforcement and extinction of operant behavior, reinforcement, aversive control of behavior, operant-respondent relationships, stimulus control, choice and preference, conditioned reinforcement, correspondence relations (updated for this edition), and three levels of selection: biology, behavior, and culture.
Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) is given credit for discovering how such stimulus-response relations get established through a process known today as respondent conditioning
(also called classical or Pavlovian conditioning).
He covers reinforcement, extinction, punishment, stimulation control, respondent conditioning
, shaping, prompting, transfer of stimulus control, chaining, functional assessment, and tailoring basic principles and procedures into combinations that meet specific, complex needs along with advice on self-management and habit reversal.
A recent meta-analytic article, looking a program impact for offender populations, found that Behavior Therapy (operant and respondent conditioning
principles, antecedent control strategies, self-control training, etc.) and Cognitive Behavior Therapy were the only two treatments that produced an effect (Redondo-Illescas, Sanchez-Meca, & Garrido-Genovaes, 2001).
A path in this direction would be to verify if typical processes of respondent conditioning
are found within the formation of equivalence classes (or other stimulus relations).
They cover levels of experience in emotion, behavior and cognition in the social context, stability and change in human development, stages and processes of development and intelligence, motions and emotions, emotional learning and respondent conditioning
, regulating behavior and operant conditioning, modeling and social processes, discipline, problem solving, transfer, cognition and memory, nurturing, knowledge and intellect, expanding teaching repertoire and developing sound assessment and grading techniques.
is believed to have occurred with the pairing of a stimulus that evokes a fear response with stimulus by-products arising from strong bodily somatic sensations.
In respondent conditioning
, salivation occurs in the presence of the bell, which is physically present; and in operant conditioning, lever pressing occurs in the presence of the food-eating functions that are now partially present in lever.
The current paper reports a demonstration of its use in a traditional respondent conditioning
In summary, the only demarcation that justifies establishing a distinction is the procedure applied by the scientist: if CS--US contingencies are established, the scientist's focus would probably be in the respondent conditioning
; if R--US contingencies are established, the scientist's focus would probably be in the operant conditioning.
Now suppose that we use a respondent conditioning
procedure to establish an aversive response function for D.