26) Abolitionist and Retentionist
Countries, DEATH PENALTY INFO.
Several regions remain as concentrations of retentionist
Those values strongly suggest that increasing national concentration is not simply happening because fewer states retain capital punishment, but because such practice is concentrating even within retentionist
UK museums receive much of Conaty and Janes' fire at the outset; they are lumped together as universalist and retentionist
, despite examples of UK museums attempting to create relationships through repatriation and collections access.
Six states abolished between 2005 and 2015, and they are included among the retentionist
75) AI's guidance notes also underscored a resolution the European Parliament had adopted in January 1986, calling on retentionist
states in the European Community--which were also CE members--to accede to Protocol No.
They are of the opinion that nationalist retentionist
cultural property laws while nationalising heritage, fail to protect them and thereby prevent a situation where the world's diverse cultures may be appreciated, understood and cared for by other people who see themselves as stakeholders in protecting heritage.
Empirical data regarding the use of shock punishment shows a robust correlation between its use and the political freedom (and therefore legitimacy) of retentionist
On the other hand, the frequency of homogamy directly determines the extent of acculturation/retention of an ethnic minority as the families in which parents share the same cultural traits (homogamous families) exhibit more retentionist
attitude towards their shared traits than the families with mixed cultural parents (heterogamous families).
See Amnesty International, Abolitionist and Retentionist
Countries, http:// www.
In spite of the minimum protections afforded under international law to support due process in capital cases, those standards have been undermined by a number of retentionist
countries in the region.
Although Turkey had been a retentionist
country since 1984, it abolished capital punishment for peacetime offenses in 2002 and for all offenses in 2004.