reticuloendothelial system

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re·tic·u·lo·en·do·the·li·al system

 (rĭ-tĭk′yə-lō-ĕn′də-thē′lē-əl)
n.
The diffuse system of cells that destroy pathogens by phagocytosis, originally thought to include cells of the reticular tissues of the spleen, liver, bone marrow, and lymph nodes along with a variety of endothelial cells, all of which take up dye introduced into the bloodstream. This term has been largely replaced by "mononuclear phagocyte system" and restricted to the monocytes and macrophages.

[reticul(um) + endothelial.]

reticuloendothe′lial sys`tem


n.
the aggregate of the phagocytic cells that have reticular and endothelial characteristics and function in the immune system's defense against foreign bodies. Abbr.: RES
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.reticuloendothelial system - a widely distributed system consisting of all the cells able to ingest bacteria or colloidal particles etc, except for certain white blood cells
system - a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or parts; "the body has a system of organs for digestion"
immune system - a system (including the thymus and bone marrow and lymphoid tissues) that protects the body from foreign substances and pathogenic organisms by producing the immune response
mononuclear phagocyte system, MPS, system of macrophages - a widely distributed system of free and fixed macrophages derived from bone marrow
Translations

re·tic·u·lo·en·do·the·li·al sys·tem

n. sistema reticuloendotelial, red de células fagocíticas (excepto leucocitos circulantes) esparcidas por todo el cuerpo que intervienen en procesos tales como la formación de células sanguíneas, destrucción de grasas, eliminación de células gastadas y restauración de tejidos que son participantes esenciales en el proceso inmunológico del organismo.
References in periodicals archive ?
Objective: "Despite significant advances in chemotherapy, the effective treatment of malignant masses via systemically injectable agents are still limited by insufficient accumulation at the biological target ( 10% injected dose per gram tumor) and non-specific sequestration by the reticulo-endothelial system (tumor/liver 0.
Hand-schuller-Christian disease is characterised by multifocal bone lesions and extra-skeletal involvement of the reticulo-endothelial system and pituitary gland, usually seen in children 1-5 years old.
In acute malaria, the reticulo-endothelial system is probably already overloaded.