reticuloendothelial system

(redirected from Reticuloendothelial systems)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Reticuloendothelial systems: reticuloendothelial cells

re·tic·u·lo·en·do·the·li·al system

 (rĭ-tĭk′yə-lō-ĕn′də-thē′lē-əl)
n.
The diffuse system of cells that destroy pathogens by phagocytosis, originally thought to include cells of the reticular tissues of the spleen, liver, bone marrow, and lymph nodes along with a variety of endothelial cells, all of which take up dye introduced into the bloodstream. This term has been largely replaced by "mononuclear phagocyte system" and restricted to the monocytes and macrophages.

[reticul(um) + endothelial.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

reticuloendothe′lial sys`tem


n.
the aggregate of the phagocytic cells that have reticular and endothelial characteristics and function in the immune system's defense against foreign bodies. Abbr.: RES
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.reticuloendothelial system - a widely distributed system consisting of all the cells able to ingest bacteria or colloidal particles etc, except for certain white blood cells
system - a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or parts; "the body has a system of organs for digestion"
immune system - a system (including the thymus and bone marrow and lymphoid tissues) that protects the body from foreign substances and pathogenic organisms by producing the immune response
mononuclear phagocyte system, MPS, system of macrophages - a widely distributed system of free and fixed macrophages derived from bone marrow
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

re·tic·u·lo·en·do·the·li·al sys·tem

n. sistema reticuloendotelial, red de células fagocíticas (excepto leucocitos circulantes) esparcidas por todo el cuerpo que intervienen en procesos tales como la formación de células sanguíneas, destrucción de grasas, eliminación de células gastadas y restauración de tejidos que son participantes esenciales en el proceso inmunológico del organismo.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Thanks to its good biocompatibility, hydrophilicity, and the absence of antigenicity and immunogenicity, the core-shell structure with PLA-TPGS as an outer shell enables the nanoparticles to escape from the scavenging of the reticuloendothelial systems (RES) in vivo effectively [12].
Aspects of the lymphoid and reticuloendothelial systems in the plaice-Pleuronectes platessa.
Once delivered into the patient's body, the erythrocytes circulate in the blood and reticuloendothelial systems and slowly release the intended agent (Hirlekar, Patel, & Dand, 2008).