Through the viewpoints of the three authors, the 'temporal narrative' of the 1950s Cold War is spatially differentiated; simultaneously, from the starting point of the 1950s, the prior literary history of the mainland is retroactively described through "retrodiction
Chambers, "Adaptive retrodiction
particle PHD filter for multiple human tracking," IEEE Signal Processing Letters, vol.
Among specific topics are measuring the irreversible dynamics of a quantum harmonic oscillator, simultaneous wave and particle knowledge in a neutron interferometer, quantum entanglement and partial path information for a double split, quantum-mechanical retrodiction
through an extended mean king problem, two cold atoms in a harmonic trap, and experimental polarization state tomography using optimal polarimeters.
It was Willi Hennig in the fifties who first formalized retrodiction
in quantitative terms .
According to Bhaskar, explanations (theories) are accomplished by a model of explanation comprising a four-phase process: 'resolution of a complex event into its components (causal analysis)'; 'redescription of component causes'; 'retrodiction
to possible (antecedent) causes of components via independently validated normic statements'; and 'elimination of alternative possible causes of components' (Bhaskar, 2009, p.
This makes it difficult to determine functional relations accurately and to verify model behavior over long time spans by retrodiction
, that is, by reproducing earlier temperature history.
Giles argues that Emerson is no individualist but has become one, thanks to a literary-historical fallacy common to American studies: "retrodiction
(43) Gorgul olgulari ortaya cikaran mekanizmalarin belirlenmesi (retroduction) ve o mekanizmalarin ozgul olaylarin ortaya cikmasinda birbirleriyle nasil etkilestikleri (retrodiction
By moving her narrative of the genocide away from Rwanda into nearby Uganda, Kyomuhendo distances the act of witness from its source through the "retrodiction
" of the stories of Dee and the market-woman.
According to Jones (1991) and Savitt (1980), the goal of historical case analysis and research is not prediction but retrodiction
: an effort to determine what happened in the past as a source of understanding and explanation for the present.
To address this gap, subjects were shown sequences of shapes governed by stochastic Markov processes, and then asked to choose which shape reliably came after a probe shape (prediction test) or before it (retrodiction