Based on the personal case of Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, masochism was first coined by Richard von Krafft-Ebing
as a kind of sexual perversion, in which the masochist "in sexual feeling and thought is controlled by the idea of being completely and unconditionally subjected to the will of a person of the opposite sex; of being treated by this person as by a master, humiliated and abused" (28).
It was the German psychiatrist Richard von Krafft-Ebing
who first introduced the terms "Sadism" and "Masochism"' into institutional medical terminology in his work Neue Forschungen auf dem Gebiet der Psychopathia sexualis ("New Research in the Area of Psychopathology of Sex") in 1890.
(19.) Richard von Krafft-Ebing
, Psychopathia Sexualis, with especial reference to Contrary Sexual Instinct: A Medico-Legal Study, translation by Charles Gilbert Chaddock of the seventh enlarged and revised German edition, Philadelphia and London, F.
The topics include sexology and literature: on the uses and abuses of fiction; hospitable reading: an approach to life writings of gender and sexual "deviant," inverted acts, perverted identities, and criminal desire in Germany 1864-1914; Adolf Loos, Henry van de Velde, ornament, and crime; normativity and deviance in Richard von Krafft-Ebing
's Psychopathia sexualis; and sexuality, forensic psychiatry, and their patients in 20th-century Britain.
The work of Richard von Krafft-Ebing
(1840-1902) describes the initial efforts of exploring sexuality from a discipline-specific perspective.
The first chapter of the study provides an overview of the rise of the modern killer beginning in the late-eighteenth century with the Marquis de Sade, in the nineteenth century with the works of Cesare Lombroso and Richard von Krafft-Ebing
regarding the science and psychology of the modern murderer, and continuing in the twentieth century with Michel Foucault.
The author deploys fictional Russians suffering from nervous disorders and fleshes them out with the works of the German psychiatrist Richard von Krafft-Ebing
, whose research on nervous disorders was widely read in Russia.
In the emerging scientific discipline of sexology Richard von Krafft-Ebing
's Psychopathia Sexualis ( 1998) rediagnosed conditions like nymphomania as forms of degeneracy.
The difficulty of terminology was in turn compounded by the movement across languages, as in, for example, the translation of the work of Karl Heinrich Ulrichs and Richard von Krafft-Ebing
from German, which was not only their primary language but also the predominant language of science at the turn of the century, into other languages, such as English.
For that reason, in 1902, he checked into the psychiatric clinic of Richard von Krafft-Ebing
(1840-1902), who in his groundbreaking, if notorious, book Psychopathia Sexualis (1886) had categorised homosexuality as a 'contrary sexual desire'.
(4) The original sanatorium was founded by one of Austria's leading psychiatrists, Richard von Krafft-Ebing
, and his Viennese business partner Anton Low around 1890, but it had been neglected for a number of years.