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n.1.(Chem.) A bitter white crystalline alkaloid (C8H8N2O2) extracted from the seeds of the castor-oil plant (Ricinus communalis). Called also ricidine. Ingestion may cause vomiting and various other toxic reactions, including liver and kidney damage, convulsions, hypotension, and death.
References in periodicals archive ?
Toxicity of ethyl acetate extract and ricinine from Jatropha gossypifolia senescent leaves against Spodoptera exigua Hubner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).
Hoizey, "Intoxication volontaire par la ricine: description d'un cas avec deetermination des concentrations de ricinine dans le sang et l'urine," Toxicologie Analytique and Clinique, vol.
Chemical constituents: Ricinine, carrageenan, bradykinin, N-Demethylricinine, ricinins (Haq and Hussain, 1993; Prajapati et al., 2003; Khare, 2007).
Wang et al., "Chronic toxicity of crude ricinine in rats assessed by [sup.1]H NMR metabolomics analysis," RSC Advances, vol.
A study in Brazil has demonstrated that the ricin and ricinine in castor cake are efficient in controlling populations of phytonematodes (DINARDo-MIRANDA & FRACASSo, 2010).
Summary: In the current research, an attempt has been made to isolate ricinine (an alkaloid) from the leaves of Ricinus communis L.