We investigated the presence of antibodies against RVFV in serum samples by using 2 ELISAs (both from ID Vet, Grabels, France): 1) the ID Screen Rift Valley Fever
Competition Multi-species Kit, to detect total antibody activity; and 2) the ID Screen Rift Valley Fever
IgM Kit, to detect IgM against RVFV.
figure By BRUHAN MAKONGbr Two people have died in Wajir County in a suspected Rift Valley fever
(RVF) outbreak which has been partly blamed on the heavy rains experienced in the county in the last few weeks.Rift Valley Fever is a a viral disease that primary affects animals but can also infect humans and eventually result to death.
During 1997 and 1998, humans were affected with hemorrhagic fever diseases in Kenya and Somalia that were caused by Rift Valley fever
virus (RVFV) and by NRIV (2,4).
The death toll from case of Rift Valley Fever
in Wajir has risen to six after one more person died while receiving treatment.
8 per cent, adding that children were the most affected.She said the county is aiming at reducing deadly mosquito transmitted diseases that also include yellow and rift valley fever
We tested for IgM to dengue virus (DENV), West Nile virus (WNV), yellow fever virus (YFV), Rift Valley fever
virus (RVFV), chikungunya virus (CHIKV), Ebola virus (EBOV), Marburg virus (MBGV), and Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV).
Cholera, Chikungunya, and Rift Valley Fever
are among those that affected a lot of Kenyans.
The virus shows the following clinical signs in animals: Fever of up to 42Cbr Nasal dischargebr Increased salivationbr Loss of appetitebr Bloody diarrhoea br Abdominal painbr Respiratory distressbr Weaknessbr Abortion storms in pregnant animalsbr DeathIn humans the following clinical signs may be seen: Flu-like symptoms br Blurred and decreased visionbr Inflammation of the brain, which can lead to headaches, coma, or seizuresbr Vomiting bloodbr Bloody stoolbr Bleeding from gums, skin, nose, and injection sitesIn human, these symptoms may appear for 2-4 days and death could occur 3-6 days thereafter.There is no specific treatment for Rift valley fever
in animals and human.
To the Editor: Rift Valley fever
(RVF) is an acute, febrile, viral disease caused by Rift Valley fever
virus (RVFV), a phlebovirus of the family Bunyaviridae that is endemic to sub-Saharan Africa.