Rift Valley fever


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Rift Valley fever

n.
An acute infectious disease of humans and domestic animals, especially cattle and sheep, caused by a mosquito-borne virus and characterized in humans by fever and sometimes ocular disease, hemorrhagic symptoms, or encephalitis, and in animals by fever, abortion, and death of newborns. Rift Valley fever was first described in Kenya and occurs primarily in sub-Saharan Africa.

[After the Great Rift Valley.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Rift Valley fever - an infection common in Africa caused by a bunyavirus; transmitted by mosquitoes or by handling infected animals
haemorrhagic fever, hemorrhagic fever, VHF, viral haemorrhagic fever, viral hemorrhagic fever - a group of illnesses caused by a viral infection (usually restricted to a specific geographic area); fever and gastrointestinal symptoms are followed by capillary hemorrhage
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
We investigated the presence of antibodies against RVFV in serum samples by using 2 ELISAs (both from ID Vet, Grabels, France): 1) the ID Screen Rift Valley Fever Competition Multi-species Kit, to detect total antibody activity; and 2) the ID Screen Rift Valley Fever IgM Kit, to detect IgM against RVFV.
figure By BRUHAN MAKONGbr Two people have died in Wajir County in a suspected Rift Valley fever (RVF) outbreak which has been partly blamed on the heavy rains experienced in the county in the last few weeks.Rift Valley Fever is a a viral disease that primary affects animals but can also infect humans and eventually result to death.
During 1997 and 1998, humans were affected with hemorrhagic fever diseases in Kenya and Somalia that were caused by Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) and by NRIV (2,4).
The death toll from case of Rift Valley Fever in Wajir has risen to six after one more person died while receiving treatment.
8 per cent, adding that children were the most affected.She said the county is aiming at reducing deadly mosquito transmitted diseases that also include yellow and rift valley fever.
We tested for IgM to dengue virus (DENV), West Nile virus (WNV), yellow fever virus (YFV), Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), chikungunya virus (CHIKV), Ebola virus (EBOV), Marburg virus (MBGV), and Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV).
Cholera, Chikungunya, and Rift Valley Fever are among those that affected a lot of Kenyans.
The virus shows the following clinical signs in animals: Fever of up to 42Cbr Nasal dischargebr Increased salivationbr Loss of appetitebr Bloody diarrhoea br Abdominal painbr Respiratory distressbr Weaknessbr Abortion storms in pregnant animalsbr DeathIn humans the following clinical signs may be seen: Flu-like symptoms br Blurred and decreased visionbr Inflammation of the brain, which can lead to headaches, coma, or seizuresbr Vomiting bloodbr Bloody stoolbr Bleeding from gums, skin, nose, and injection sitesIn human, these symptoms may appear for 2-4 days and death could occur 3-6 days thereafter.There is no specific treatment for Rift valley fever in animals and human.
To the Editor: Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an acute, febrile, viral disease caused by Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), a phlebovirus of the family Bunyaviridae that is endemic to sub-Saharan Africa.