Rift Valley fever

(redirected from Rift Valley fever virus)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.
Related to Rift Valley fever virus: RVFV

Rift Valley fever

n.
An acute infectious disease of humans and domestic animals, especially cattle and sheep, caused by a mosquito-borne virus and characterized in humans by fever and sometimes ocular disease, hemorrhagic symptoms, or encephalitis, and in animals by fever, abortion, and death of newborns. Rift Valley fever was first described in Kenya and occurs primarily in sub-Saharan Africa.

[After the Great Rift Valley.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Rift Valley fever - an infection common in Africa caused by a bunyavirus; transmitted by mosquitoes or by handling infected animals
haemorrhagic fever, hemorrhagic fever, VHF, viral haemorrhagic fever, viral hemorrhagic fever - a group of illnesses caused by a viral infection (usually restricted to a specific geographic area); fever and gastrointestinal symptoms are followed by capillary hemorrhage
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Induction of severe disease in hamsters by two sandfly fever group viruses, Punta toro and Gabek Forest (Phlebovirus, Bunyaviridae), similar to that caused by Rift Valley fever virus. Am J Trop Med Hyg.
Paweska, "Rift Valley fever virus (Bunyaviridae: Phlebovirus): An update on pathogenesis, molecular epidemiology, vectors, diagnostics and prevention," Veterinary Research, vol.
The use of NanoTrap particles as a sample enrichment method to enhance the detection of Rift Valley Fever Virus. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2013;7: e2296.
Rift valley fever virus lacking the NSs and NSm genes is highly attenuated, confers protective immunity from virulent virus challenge, and allows for differential identification of infected and vaccinated animals.
Galal, "Role of culex and Anopheles mosquito species as potential vectors of rift valley fever virus in Sudan outbreak," BMC Infectious Diseases, vol.
Failloux, "Potential vectors of rift valley fever virus in the Mediterranean region," Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, vol.
The draft EIS does not contain an independent estimate of the cost of a release of the Rift Valley fever virus from NBAF.
The current study was based on a chainof connections: Weather satellites can measure green vegetation, which in turn represents the amount of rainfall, which is related to the flood conditions that produce the mosquitoes that carry Rift Valley fever virus.
Complete genome analysis of 33 ecologically and biologically diverse Rift Valley fever virus strains reveals widespread virus movement and low genetic diversity due to recent common ancestry.
were the first to evaluate different RT enzymes with RPA reagents and demonstrated that Transcriptor RT performs better than MuLV RT (10 molecules detected with Transcriptor RT vs 102 molecules with MuLV RT) and Sensiscript RT (Qiagen; 103 molecules detected) when combined to exo kit in an assay for detecting the Rift Valley fever virus (24).
Development and evaluation of a real-time reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay for rapid detection of Rift Valley fever virus in clinical specimens.