Robert Guiscard


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Ro·bert Guis·card

 (rô-bĕr′ gē-skär′) 1015?-1085.
Norman military leader who conquered much of southern Italy and protected Pope Gregory VII from the invading armies of the Holy Roman Empire (1084).
References in periodicals archive ?
The next section gives details on eight Norman commanders, from 1085 through 1111: Robert Guiscard, William the Conqueror, Richard I, Roger I, William II Rufus, Robert II Curthose, Henry I, and Bohemond, Prince of Antioch.
In 1063, a Pisan fleet attacked Arab-held Palermo to support the Norman adventurer Robert Guiscard, who, with his brother Roger, was retaking the island.
Arnaldi traces the events that led to the invasion of Byzantine Calabria and Arab and Berber Sicily, focusing on the military campaigns of Robert Guiscard and his younger brother Roger.
The papal recognition given to Robert Guiscard afterward, however, slowly changed the Norman relations with the Church.
The second applies them to chronicles of William the Conqueror, depicted as having symbolic integrity but no gold (unlike King Harold, who had gold but no symbolic integrity), and Robert Guiscard. The third chapter juxtaposes violence and acquisition in medieval society.
Roger II forged one of the longest lasting European political units out of the conquests of his Norman forbears, Robert Guiscard (d.
THE NEPHEW OF Robert Guiscard and son of Count Roger I of Sicily, Roger II succeeded to Sicily at the age of nine in 1105 and took personal control in 1112, when he was sixteen.
Heinrich von Kleist, the nineteenth-century German writer, is best known for his plays, such as Robert Guiscard and The Prince of Homburg, and his short stories, like Michael Kohlhaas and The Earthquake in Chile.