# Roman numerals

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## Roman numerals

pl n
(Mathematics) the letters used by the Romans for the representation of cardinal numbers, still used occasionally today. The integers are represented by the following letters: I (= 1), V (= 5), X (= 10), L (= 50), C (= 100), D (= 500), and M (= 1000). If a numeral is followed by another numeral of lower denomination, the two are added together; if it is preceded by one of lower denomination, the smaller numeral is subtracted from the greater. Thus VI = 6 (V + I), but IV = 4 (V – I). Other examples are XC (= 90), CL (= 150), XXV (= 25), XLIV (= 44). Multiples of a thousand are indicated by a superior bar: thus, V̅ = 5000, X̅ = 10 000, X̅D̅ = 490 000, etc
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

## Ro′man nu′merals

n.pl.
the numerals in the ancient Roman system of notation, still used occasionally, as in pagination and dates on buildings. The basic symbols are I(=1), V(=5), X(=10), L(=50), C(=100), D(=500), and M(=1000). If a letter is immediately followed by one of equal or lesser value, the two values are added; if followed by one of greater value, the first is subtracted from the second; thus, XX equals 20 and IV equals 4. The year 1914 would appear as MCMXIV.
Translations
الأرْقام الرّومانيَّه
římské číslovky
romertal
római számok
rómverskar tölur
rímske číslice
Romen rakamları

## Roman numerals

nnumeri mpl romani
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

## Roman

1. connected with Rome, especially ancient Rome. Roman coins.
2. (no capital) (of printing) in ordinary upright letters like these.
noun
a person belonging to Rome, especially to ancient Rome.
Roman alphabet
the alphabet in which Western European languages such as English are written.
Roman Catholic (also Catholic)
(a member) of the Christian church which recognizes the Pope as its head.
Roman Catholicism (also Catholicism)
the beliefs, government etc of the Roman Catholic Church.
Roman numerals
I,II,III etc, as opposed to the Arabic numerals 1,2,3 etc.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in classic literature ?
A jaunty little feather of water curled in front of it, and as it lifted it showed a long ladder of Roman numerals - XV., XVI., XVII., XVIII., and so forth - on a salmon-coloured, gleaming side.
Our universities have rowing VIIIs, our queen is Elizabeth II, many modern clock faces have Roman numerals, we watch Act II Scene 2 in the theatre and enjoy Chapter IV in a book.
Doll's choice to omit the use of lowercase roman numerals stalls his discussion of certain progressions.
Reckoning (calculating) with Roman numerals was not a mere clerical task: it took an exceptional mind to recall the rules of constructing Roman numerals as they streamed through the head, then to write them.
With its characteristic and unique signature "V.I" with the swinging connection of the letters as well as the distinctive writing of the year of composition in Roman numerals below, demonstrates that my manuscript is indeed an autograph by Vincent d'Indy.
The RDDBEX0587 provides a telling contrast between the sparkling sunburst dial etched with slimline Roman numerals in black set on the gleaming mother of pearl dial, all of which is stylishly encapsulated in the 18k pink gold dial.
Other specifications are an octagonal crown set with a faceted synthetic spinel or a faceted sapphire, Roman numerals, polished leaf-shaped second hand, polished sword-shaped hour and minute hands, Sapphire crystal, Black or gray semi-matte alligator skin strap, 18mm double adjustable folding buckle and more.
It is at least 40 years old - and possibly much older - and thought to tell the distance to Llandudno, "Conway" and Llanrwst in Roman numerals.
The missing mahogany pieces are approximately 6in by 8in with a small wooden cross on the top edge, and have the roman numerals IV, VI and X inscribed on them.
Beyince got herself inked with the Roman numerals "IV" for the number 4 to signify her relationship with her husband, who was born on Dec.
Its dial boldly reinterprets the Maison's design codes, such as Roman numerals and a flanged bezel, that clearly identify it as a Cartier model.
Some are quite gaudy (look for Roman numerals following the Faustino name) and are priced accordingly.

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