Historians from Europe, the US, Israel, and Japan discuss various related topics: empires in Europe during the age of mercantilism and the age of industrialism; the development of the Institut Colonial International and knowledge exchange in the early 20th century; the cooperation between private colonial associations in France, Germany, Belgium, and Spain; legal influences from France and Britain in Canada; Islamic law in Russian Turkestan
; the transfer of regional hegemony from China to Japan as a result of the First Sino-Japanese War; British-French government cooperation in the surveillance of anti-colonialists; cooperation between German and French troops during the Boxer War in China; and British and German concentration camps in colonial wars in Africa.
(18) The economic theme is not very popular in current scholarship, but there are a few works worth noting: Ekaterina Pravilova, Finansy imperii: Den 'gi i vlast' v politike Rossii na natsional'nykh okrainakh (Moscow: Novoe izdatel'stvo, 2006); Pravilova, "The Property of Empire: Islamic Law and Russian Agrarian Policy in Transcaucasia and Turkestan," Kritika 12, 2 (2011): 353-86; Beatrice Penati, "The Cotton Boom and the Land Tax in Russian Turkestan
(1880s-1915)," Kritika 14, 4 (2013): 105-25; and Beatrice Penati, "Adapting Russian Technologies of Power: On Administrative Documents for the History of Land-and-Water Reform in the Uzbek SSR (1924-1929)," Revolutionary Russia 25, 1 (2012): 187-217.
They focused on educating women and reformed Islamic marriage and divorce laws in order to regenerate the millat, or the "nation" of Islamic people in Russian Turkestan
, the Central Asian lslamic region of the old Russian empire.
The author's own fascination with the nineteenth century British adventurers in "Russian Turkestan
", officers, travellers and writers, colours everything.