Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Ruthenia: Ruthenian language


 (ro͞o-thēn′yə, -thē′nē-ə)
A region of western Ukraine south of the Carpathian Mountains. Ruled for centuries by various powers, including Poland and Austria-Hungary, it was later a province of Czechoslovakia (1918-1939) and was annexed by the USSR in 1945.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) a region of E Europe on the south side of the Carpathian Mountains: belonged to Hungary from the 14th century, to Czechoslovakia from 1918 to 1939, and was ceded to the former Soviet Union in 1945; in 1991 it became part of the newly independent Ukraine. Also called: Carpatho-Ukraine
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ruˈθi ni ə, -ˈθin yə)

a former province in E Czechoslovakia.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pedigree: B Filly 2016, by Candy Ride (ARG) - Ruthenia by Pulpit.
Identification with Jewish nationality alone, without affiliation to Jewish national politics, was much more common in Slovakia and Subcarpathian Ruthenia, however, where the Orthodox Jewish majority largely rejected Zionism.
Born in the village of Odavidhaza, in Carpathian Ruthenia in Austria-Hungary (near present-day Mukacheve, western Ukraine), Hameiri fought in World War I as a soldier in the Austro-Hungarian army and recounted his experiences in two fictionalized memoirs, The Great Madness (1929; translation published by Vantage, 1952) and Hell on Earth (original-language publication, 1932).
On one side, there are the symbols of Czechia, Moravia, Silesia, Slovakia and Carpathian Ruthenia, the old monarchy, the two-headed eagle divided by a line between the colours of the flag.
When Germany seized Czechoslovakia in 1939, Hungarian troops occupied Carpathian Ruthenia and parts of Slovakia.
At the end of the war the USSR annexed in 1945 the former Ukrainian territories of Galitzia, Volinia, Subcarpathian Ruthenia, Bessarabia and Bukovina.
Annual Bluegrass Melissilus ruthenicus (L.) Peschkova Ruthenia Medic (Trigonella ruthenica L.) Adenophora stenanthina (Ledeb.) Longstyle Ladybell Kitagawa Astragalus adsurgens Pall.
Municipal books show that German functioned predominantly as the language of trade between Lithuania, Prussia, Ruthenia, and Silesia, also in the towns where German speakers did not form a significant proportion of the upper social layers (e.g., Olkusz, Warsaw, Przemysl).
Over a period of four years, Vishniac covered some 5,000 miles--from remote areas of Carpathian Ruthenia to central Warsaw.
Jahrhundert)/ Lithuania and Ruthenia: Studies of a Transcultural Communication Zone (15th-18th Centuries) (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2007), 7-33; Volodymyr Masliichuk, Provintsiia na perekhresti kul'tur: Doslidzhennia z istorii Slobids'koi Ukrainy (Kharkiv: Kharkivs'skyi pryvatnyi muzei mis'koi sadyby, 2007); John Czaplicka, ed., "Lviv: A City in the Crossroads of Culture," special issue of Harvard Ukrainian Studies 24 (2000); and Paulus Adelsgruber, Laurie Cohen, and Borries Kuzmany, Getrennt und doch verbunden: Grenzstadte zwischen Osterreich und Russland, 1772-1918 (Vienna: Bohlau, 2011).
His travels to ethnic German communities in Czechoslovakia, Carpathian Ruthenia (today part of Slovakia and Ukraine), Poland, the Baltic states, and South Tyrol contributed to his 1928 work Die kirchliche Rechtslage der deutschen Minderheiten katholischer Konfession in Europa (The ecclesiastical law of the German Catholic Christian minorities in Europe).