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A country of east-central Africa. By the late 1700s, the region was the site of a Tutsi kingdom inhabited principally by Hutus. In 1890 it became part of German East Africa and later (1919) part of the Belgian League of Nations mandate of Ruanda-Urundi. Rwanda achieved independence from Belgium in 1962. In 1990 the country was invaded by the Rwandan Patriotic Front, a group largely composed of exiled Tutsis, which signed a peace agreement with the government in 1992. Ethnic fighting broke out again in 1994, and with the assassination of the president, the Hutu government initiated a campaign of genocide. It is estimated that 800,000 people were murdered before Tutsis seized control of the government one hundred days later. Many Rwandan Hutus fled to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, leading to ongoing conflict between the two countries. Kigali is the capital and largest city.

Rwan′dan adj. & n.


(Placename) a republic in central Africa: part of German East Africa from 1899 until 1917, when Belgium took over the administration; became a republic in 1961 after a Hutu revolt against the Tutsi (1959); fighting between the ethnic groups broke out repeatedly after independence, culminating in the genocide of Tutsis by Hutus in 1994. Official languages: Kinyarwanda, English, French, and Swahili. Religion: Roman Catholic, African Protestant, Muslim, and animist. Currency: Rwanda franc. Capital: Kigali. Pop: 12 012 589 (2013 est). Area: 26 338 sq km (10 169 sq miles). Former name (until 1962): Ruanda


(ruˈɑn də)

a republic in central Africa, E of the Democratic Republic of the Congo: formerly comprising the N part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urundi; became independent 1962. 8,154,933; 10,169 sq. mi. (26,338 sq. km). Cap.: Kigali.
Rwan′dan, adj., n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Rwanda - a landlocked republic in central AfricaRwanda - a landlocked republic in central Africa; formerly a German colony
ALIR, Army for the Liberation of Rwanda, FAR, Former Armed Forces, Interahamwe - a terrorist organization that seeks to overthrow the government dominated by Tutsi and to institute Hutu control again; "in 1999 ALIR guerrillas kidnapped and killed eight foreign tourists"
East Africa - a geographical area in eastern Africa
capital of Rwanda, Kigali - the national capital and largest city of Rwanda; located in central Rwanda
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Kivu, Lake Kivu - a lake in the mountains of central Africa between Congo and Rwanda
Hutu - a member of a Bantu people living in Rwanda and Burundi
Tutsi, Watusi, Watutsi - a member of a Bantu speaking people living in Rwanda and Burundi
Rwandan - a native or inhabitant of Rwanda


[rʊˈændə] NRuanda f


nRuanda nt
References in periodicals archive ?
It brought together Rwandans but also riders from neighboring countries like Burundi, Tanzania and Uganda.
Unfortunately, Rwandans did not see my name on their polling cards when they went to vote yesterday.
In January, police said they had killed a Muslim imam as he attempted to escape police custody while under investigation for encouraging young Rwandans to join the jihadist militant group Islamic State.
Ambassador Habimana said that his visit aimed to create ways and means in which the two countries could work closely to ensure that Rwandans start training at the academy.
April to July 1994, around 1,000,000 Rwandans were killed, which is 20% of the country's total population.
Rwandans commemorated Thursday the 22nd anniversary of the beginning of the 1994 genocide that exacerbated ethnic tensions and tore the African country apart.
A wreath was laid by the mayor at the Memorial Stone in tribute to the estimated one million Rwandans killed in 100 days from April 7, 1994.
These linguistic devices allow Rwandan leaders to employ what Burnet calls "coded ethnic talk" that is clearly audible to Rwandans, though often undetected by foreign observers.
Nduhungirehe said "we find it hypocritical for the international community to talk about protection of civilians when the FARDC, the Congolese forces, together with the FDLR are causing harm to our citizens, as if the lives of Rwandans have no value.
Special Forces, Rwandans studied camouflage techniques, small-unit movement, troop-leading procedures, soldier-team development, [etc].
He said the Congolese army had earlier retreated from Kibumba, which is 30 kilometers north of Goma, after thousands of Rwandans, who he says were backing the rebels, attacked early Saturday.
In his newbook, Stuck: Rwandan Youth and the Struggle for Adulthood, he argues that Kagame's ambitious plan to corral rural Rwandans in tightly controlled villages in order to maximize land use and easily deliver social services is wreaking havoc, especially among the young.