The most commonly discussed CPGS systems envision mating a conventional warhead with either a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM
) or a modified intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM).
A separate limit of 700 deployed ICBMs, deployed SLBMs
and deployed heavy bombers equipped for nuclear armaments
Unique identifiers for the first time will be assigned to each ICBM, SLBM
and nuclear-capable heavy bomber, allowing us to track accountable systems throughout their life cycles.
First, Pakistan has to be given a sense of international support which is demonstrated through a public and robust opposition by the world to India's development of an SLBM
. Lukewarm opposition or no opposition at all will simply demonstrate to Pakistani policymakers that the global community accepts the arrival of SLBMs
in Indian hands as almost a fait accompli.
Never ratified, the treaty would have imposed numerous restraints on qualitative developments which could threaten future stability, such as the ban on heavy mobile ICBM launchers and heavy SLBMs
, on the flight testing or deployment of new types of ICBMs, and on new types of strategic offensive systems.
As long as the United States retains pre- and post-launch invulnerability of its strategic nuclear forces, a nation that attacks America must assume that a devastating retaliatory strike will be quick; that is, an attack is: (1) twelve hours away with the bombers; (2) thirty minutes away with the ICBMs; and (3) ten to twenty minutes away with SLBM
submarines, depending on where they are cruising.
The current stockpile incorporates two weapon designs for each of four types of delivery platforms (ICBM, SLBM
, bomber, and cruise missile).
Since the Yuriy Dolgorukiy is not going to enter to service before 2007, the Dmitriy Donskiy is expected to be the first ship with the new SLBMs
to enter service with the Russian Navy.
The first Poseidon submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM
) is introduced by the US.
In turn, the "deterioration rate" of the Russian liquid propellant ICBM and SLBM
force continues apace.
* Immediately stand down all strategic heavy bombers, 450 Minuteman II missiles, and 1,600 Poseidon C3 SLBM
submarine launched ballistic missile (SLBM
) systems, but at a more conceptual level, it demonstrates how a social construction of technology approach to weapons procurement can be used both to critique existing theories and to provide new insights.