They are also trained in defensive driving to help reduce SPADs
by managing their trains more responsively and anticipate more effectively the various situations encountered.
The HSE's bulletin for August shows that a serious Spad
occurred at Tram Inn, between Abergavenny and Hereford, on August 3, when a Wales and Borders passenger train continued for 533 yards beyond a red signal.
This took the total SPADs
for October 2002 to 60 compared with 40 in October 2001.
The HSE said there were 35 SPADs
in May 2002 - 21 fewer than in May 2001 and 12 fewer than the average figure for May over the last six years.
His 270-page report pointed to a "lamentable failure" by Rail-track to act after earlier SPADs
Following a year-long audit, the HSE today called on the rail industry to take more than 20 specific actions to improve the way SPADs
are managed and investigated.
TUV leader Jim Allister brought the Bill after ex-prisoner Mary McArdle was appointed as a Spad
to Minister Caral Ni Chullin.
"Network Rail, in partnership with Arriva Trains Northern, is investigating the spads
relating to this signal.
were at signals with a previous SPAD
history although in eight of these cases the signal had not been passed at danger during the last five years.
One of the Spads
occurred at Cardiff Queen Street, at 8.55am on January 23, but the signal was passed by only two yards, which would have been unlikely to have serious safety consequences.
He added: "Progress has been made making the railways safer but there are still far too many serious SPADs
. We need to really concentrate drivers' minds on red lights."
follow a familiar route in - some time at a think-tank, then working for a political party, maybe a trade union or business group.