The British faced a conundrum: how would they implement economies in the face of an intensive Egyptian nationalist propaganda campaign which Saad Zaghlul, leader of the popularly elected nationalist Ward government, had failed to discourage, while at the same time protecting their vital strategic interests in an increasingly volatile region which stood on the Middle East-African nexus of British policy making?
The immediate post-war period also witnessed the emergence of the nationalist Delegation, or Wafd Party, under Saad Zaghlul which made its presence felt with the riots of March 1919 directed against British rule.
About an hour after the crime, Saad Zaghlul, Premier and leader of the Nationalist Wafd Party, called at the Residency.
Like her father, who had participated in Saad Zaghlul
's 1919 rebellion against British occupation, she stood up for the right of students to participate in demonstrations held against such occupation, for the right of workers to better wages and a better standard of living.