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 (sär′lănd′, zär′-, -länt′) or Saar (sär, zär)
A region of southwest Germany in the Saar River valley on the border with France. Because of its extensive coal deposits, it was long contested between Germany and France, especially after World War I, when the League of Nations assigned the administration of the newly formed Saar Territory to France. After a 1935 plebiscite, Saarland became a German province, but it was again placed under French control in 1945. Autonomy was rejected by the populace in 1955, and the region officially became a state of West Germany in 1957.

Saar′land′er n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(German ˈzaːrlant)
(Placename) a state of W Germany: formed in 1919; under League of Nations administration until 1935; occupied by France (1945–57); part of West Germany (1957–90): contains rich coal deposits and is a major industrial region. Capital: Saarbrücken. Pop: 1 060 000 (2003 est). Area: 2567 sq km (991 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈzɑrˌlænd, ˈsɑr-)

a state in W Germany, in the Saar River valley. 1,084,201; 991 sq. mi. (2569 sq. km). Cap.: Saarbrücken.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Professor Stefan Seelecke and his team at Saarland University have developed a film that gives touchscreens a third dimension.
This is underpinned by the focus of SaarLB on its statutory roles, which include supporting Saarland's economy and acting as the central institution for Saarland's savings banks and as house bank for the State of Saarland.
Computer scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Informatics, together with colleagues from the US semiconductor manufacturer Intel and the Intel Visual Computing Institute at Saarland University, have developed a method that can reconstruct a digital object even from incomplete images.
Leesburg, VA, July 01, 2010 --( Among the guests of the grand opening were the Minister of Economics in the federal state Saarland, Christoph Hartmann, Tim Cole from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), and the CEO of the registry for the German top-level domain (TLD) .DE, Sabine Dolderer.
The penalties imposed on Germany after the First World War included the permanent or temporary annexation of territory, including the Saarland area of the Rhineland, which was rich in coal.
Germany-based InterMed Discovery (IMD) has acquired unique microbial omega 3 fatty acid production strains and related know-how from the University of Saarland. The microbial strains are sustainable sources that generate reliably high yields of omega 3 fatty acids.
SAARLAND, sire of last season's Grade 1-placed two-year-old Collegiate, has been retired from stud duty at the age of ten due to fertility problems, writes Nancy Sexton.
Germany's first commercial WiMAX network and first live video connection via the WiMAX network has been launched by regional telecomms provider VSE NET of the Saarland, one of Germany's 16 states.
The European Investment Bank (EIB) has decided to grant a long-term loan of Euro 80 million aimed at financing road infrastructure in the Saarland region of Germany.
This paper presents a research project conducted by the Department of Information Science in cooperation with the Saarland Museum, the art museum of the Federal State of Saarland, Germany.
In this massive study of Nazi rule in the Saarland, returned to German jurisdiction only after the plebiscite of 1935, Klaus-Michael Mallmann and Gerhard Paul conclude that the Third Reich was founded on a broad-based consensus.