But one thing thou wilt not deny, Sancho; when thou camest close to her didst thou not perceive a Sabaean
odour, an aromatic fragrance, a, I know not what, delicious, that I cannot find a name for; I mean a redolence, an exhalation, as if thou wert in the shop of some dainty glover?"
We find other verse thatspeaks of tolerance is early Islam; Q2:62, for examples: 'Surely the believe, and those of Jewry, and the Christians and those Sabaeans
, whose believes in God and the Last Day, and works righteousness awaits them with their lord, and no fear shall be on them, neither they sorrow.'
But it was relayed to the Gentiles--the Sabaeans
, Confucius, the Brahmins (who owed their name to Abraham), and Pythagoras all passing on the Noachian 'basics of civilization'.
In his ground-breaking work al-Ilf1'e2m bi Man'e2qib al-Isl'e2m, al Amiri categorised various religions on the basis of S'fbrat Al Hajj (22) verse 17 which says, f0"On the Day of Resurrection Allah will most certainly judge among those who believe and those who became Jews and Sabaeans
and Christians and Magians, and those who associate others with Allah in His Divinity.
Constantius II is also known to have sent Theophilus, an Indian from Ceylon, who had come to the court of Constantine on a previous embassy, to convert the Sabaeans
those who believe, jews, nazarenes and sabaeans
whoever believes in allah and the last day and does good deeds shall be rewarded by their lord; they have nothing to fear nor are they saddened.
"Members of Iraq's diverse ethnic and religious communities, including Turkmen, Shabak, Christians, Yezidi, Sabaeans
, Kakae, Faili Kurds, Arab Shia, and others have particularly been affected by the situation," the report continues.
Those being targeted are Christians, Yazidis, Shabaks, Turkomans, Kaka'is and Sabaeans
. Some Shia Muslims, Iraq's majority group, have also been attacked.
She explores the literature and legends related to King Solomon and his trade negotiations with Sheba, his wealth and character, and existing trade partnerships and routes between ancient Israel and the ancient Sabaeans
from the 12th century BC until the fourth century AD.
Thus, the inhabitants of Saba (Sabaeans
) of Yemen enjoyed valuable fertile coastal land which was developed by trading activities with India (Fahmy, A.M., 1966).
However, the Ahl Al-kitabi also includes Zoroastrians, Sabaeans
, Mineans, and any other group of people with whom Islam had contact during its territorial expansion outside the Arabian Peninsula, who believe(d) in only one god and who base(d) their religion on a holy book, as in the case of Hindus.
If you want a Christian metaphor to contemplate, I would suggest Luke 12:48--"to whom much is given much is expected." For another perspective, the Quran says, "Believers, Jews, Sabaeans
, or Christians--whoever believes in God...and does what is right--shall have nothing to fear or regret."