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The capital of California, in the north-central part of the state northeast of San Francisco. The city was founded as a mining camp on John Sutter's land (where gold was discovered in 1848) and became the state capital in 1854. It was named for the Sacramento River, which rises near Mount Shasta and flows about 610 km (380 mi) southward through the fertile Sacramento Valley to an extension of San Francisco Bay.
1. (Placename) an inland port in N central California, capital of the state at the confluence of the American and Sacramento Rivers: became a boom town in the gold rush of the 1850s. Pop: 445 335 (2003 est)
2. (Placename) a river in N California, flowing generally south to San Francisco Bay. Length: 615 km (382 miles)
Sac•ra•men•to(ˌsæk rəˈmɛn toʊ)
1. the capital of California, in the central part, on the Sacramento River. 376,243.
2. a river flowing S from N California to San Francisco Bay. 382 mi. (615 km) long.
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|Noun||1.||Sacramento - a city in north central California 75 miles to the northeast of San Francisco on the Sacramento River; capital of California|