inquisition(redirected from Sacred Congregation of the Inquisition)
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1. The act of inquiring into a matter; an investigation. See Synonyms at inquiry.
2. Law An inquest.
a. Inquisition A tribunal formerly held in the Roman Catholic Church and directed at the suppression of heresy.
b. An investigation that violates the privacy or rights of individuals, especially through rigorous or harsh interrogation.
c. A rigorous or severe questioning: "Looking pained at having to endure another inquisition [from the press, the football coach] assumed his usual monotone as he parried questions" (Judy Battista).
[Middle English inquisicioun, from Old French inquisicion, from Latin inquīsītiō, inquīsītiōn-, from inquīsītus, past participle of inquīrere, to inquire; see inquire.]
1. the act of inquiring deeply or searchingly; investigation
2. a deep or searching inquiry, esp a ruthless official investigation of individuals in order to suppress revolt or root out the unorthodox
3. (Law) an official inquiry, esp one held by a jury before an officer of the Crown
4. (Law) another word for inquest2
[C14: from legal Latin inquīsītiō, from inquīrere to seek for; see inquire]
(Roman Catholic Church) history a judicial institution of the Roman Catholic Church (1232–1820) founded to discover and suppress heresy. See also Spanish Inquisition
in•qui•si•tion(ˌɪn kwəˈzɪʃ ən, ˌɪŋ-)
1. an official investigation, esp. one of a political or religious nature, characterized by lack of regard for individual rights, prejudice on the part of the examiners, and recklessly cruel punishments.
2. any harsh, difficult, or prolonged questioning.
3. the act of inquiring.
4. an investigation, or process of inquiry.
5. a judicial or official inquiry.
6. the document embodying the result of such inquiry.
7. (cap.) Rom. Cath. Ch. a former special tribunal, engaged chiefly in combating and punishing heresy.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin inquīsītiō search, investigation, derivative of inquīsī-, variant s. of inquīrere to inquire]
(Holy Office) A Roman Catholic tribunal concerned with investigating and punishing heresy.
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|Noun||1.||Inquisition - a former tribunal of the Roman Catholic Church (1232-1820) created to discover and suppress heresy|
|2.||inquisition - a severe interrogation (often violating the rights or privacy of individuals)|