He noted that a Khan's Palace was built in 1578 by the Irevan beylerbey of the Azerbaijan state of Safavids
Tohmag Khan, and added that the Armenian vandals destroyed the Khan's Palace and built a brandy factory in its place.
While persecution of Jews had existed in pre-Islamic Iran, the worst of it began with the Safavids
' adoption of Shia Islam as the state religion at the beginning of the 17th century, leading to measures including a brutal decree of forced conversion in 16561662 under Shah Abbas II.
Architectural Guide Iran: From the Safavids
to the Iranian Revolution
* Saudi clerics claim the Russian alliance with the "Safavids
" and the "Nusairis" are making a real war against Sunnis.
Given these antecedents, further reinforced by another unmistakable Iranian iteration of empire, that of the Sasanians (250-644 CE), it should be uncontroversial to call the state that arose a millennium later, that of the Safavids
, an empire.
Essentially, Mughals and Safavids
had replaced Romans-Byzantines and Sasanians as the "two eyes" of the Earth through which "humanity's course is constantly regulated and guided," according to words ascribed to shahanshah Khusro II's correspondence with Emperor Maurice in the late sixth century.
Under the Safavids
, the Shah and the mullahs alike, Tehran has vied for regional domination.
This is despite the fact that in some samples like Balali and Dosaffe houses, one side was Qajari and the other side date back before Qajar (the Safavids
Summary: A Turkish diplomat in Tehran once told me the ambassador's residence had several centuries earlier been a dowry gift of a princess in a dynastic marriage linking the Ottomans and Safavids
, especially Ismail, a good motivating power, legitimacy and mobilization of the Shia were found.
From the border with Turkey to that of Turkmenistan, from the Caspian basin down to the Persian Gulf, his journeys took him from the mythological first kings of Iran, to the Elamite kingdom, the eras of Cyrus and Darius, the glory of the Sasanians, the shock of the Islamic Arab conquests and the later Mongols, Safavids
and on to Khomeini, Ahmadinejad and beyond.