Western Sahara

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Related to Saharan Provinces: Moroccan Sahara, West Sahara

Western Sahara

A region of northwest Africa on the Atlantic coast. Sparsely settled primarily by Berbers, the region was claimed as a protectorate by Spain in 1884 and established as the province of Spanish Sahara in 1958. Spain ceded the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1976, but resistance by nationalist guerrillas forced Mauritania to renounce its claim to the region (1979). After an inconclusive war, Morocco and the guerrillas agreed to a ceasefire (1991) that left Western Sahara's ultimate fate undecided.

Western Sahara

n
(Placename) a disputed region of NW Africa, on the Atlantic: mainly desert; rich phosphate deposits; a Spanish overseas province from 1958 to 1975; partitioned in 1976 between Morocco and Mauritania who faced growing resistance from the Polisario Front, an organization aiming for the independence of the region as the Democratic Saharan Arab Republic. Mauritania renounced its claim in 1979 and it was taken over by Morocco. Polisario agreed to a UN-brokered ceasefire in 1991 but attempts to settle the status of the region have failed. Pop: 538 811 (2013 est). Area: 266 000 sq km (102 680 sq miles). Former name (until 1975): Spanish Sahara

West′ern Sahar′a


n.
a region in NW Africa on the Atlantic coast, bounded by Morocco, Algeria, and Mauritania: a former Spanish province comprising Río de Oro and Saguia el Hamra 1884–1976; divided between Morocco and Mauritania 1976; claimed entirely by Morocco 1979, but still under dispute. 180,000; ab. 102,700 sq. mi. (266,000 sq. km). Formerly, Spanish Sahara.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Western Sahara - an area in northwestern Africa with rich phosphate deposits; under Moroccan control since 1992
Al-Magrib, Kingdom of Morocco, Maroc, Marruecos, Morocco - a kingdom (constitutional monarchy) in northwestern Africa with a largely Muslim population; achieved independence from France in 1956
Translations
Западна Сахара
Západní Sahara
Westsahara
Länsi-Sahara
Sahara occidental
Zapadna Sahara
Nyugat-Szahara
Vakarų Sachara
Westelijke Sahara
Vest-Sahara
Saara Ocidental
Zahodna Sahara
References in periodicals archive ?
Through the exchange of letters relating to the agreement, the Kingdom of Morocco confirms that the Moroccan Saharan provinces are an integral part of the national territory where it exercises its full sovereignty as in the rest of the national territory, said the official.
He said that a decision was taken, within the framework of Morocco-EU parliamentary friendship group, to organize a European parliamentary visit to the Kingdom, including the Saharan provinces.
If this mass demonstration had taken place in Saharan provinces or on the borders of the cities of Ceuta and Melilla, which are occupied by Spain in the north of the country, millions more would have taken part.
AaAaAa The sovereign said that in order to consolidate local democracy and good territorial governance, Morocco intends to "develop an advanced regionalization system covering all the Kingdom's regions, especially the Moroccan Saharan provinces." AaAaAa "By opting for large-scale decentralization through urban and rural community councils, by deciding to institute a sophisticated regionalization system, and also by proposing an autonomy initiative, Morocco is showing that it has embarked on a democratic process that gives it the means to consider different forms of territorial governance within a unified state that exercises full sovereignty over its entire national territory," he added.
He emphasized the importance of the visit to the Saharan provinces by several French senators last September.