Hopkins and co-authors (1975) showed that areas utilizing ultra-low-volume aerial adulticide spraying experienced a reduced infection rate of Saint Louis encephalitis
virus (SLEV; Flaviviridae family, Flavivirus genus) in Texas.
It is an important vector of many pathogens including various types of human diseases such as vectors of West Nile virus (WNV), Saint Louis encephalitis
in Southern United States (Foster and Walker, 2002; Gosh et al.
uexans is considered a competent to highly-efficient vector for Saint Louis encephalitis
(SLE), western equine encephalomyelitis (WEE), eastern equine encephalomyelitis (EEE), and WNV (Goddard et al.
This invading non-indigenous species should be monitored closely since it is a known vector for several viral pathogens including those responsible for West Nile fever, Saint Louis encephalitis
, Japanese encephalitis and eastern equine encephalitis.
Zika virus, a mosquitoborne virus of the family Flaviviridae, is closely related to other arboviruses circulating in the Americas, including dengue, yellow fever, Saint Louis encephalitis
, and West Nile viruses (1,2).
Also, yellow fever virus RNA was isolated from the urine of vaccinated persons (15), and Saint Louis encephalitis
viral antigens, but not infective virus, have been detected in urine samples from infected patients (10).
POWV/DTV-specific IgM in serum with confirmatory POWV/DTV-specific neutralizing antibodies in the same or a later serum specimen (POWV/DTV neutralizing antibody was considered specific if the titer was [greater than or equal to] 4-fold higher than the corresponding neutralizing antibody titer to West Nile virus [WNV] or Saint Louis encephalitis
Using data from the ArboNET system of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, we evaluated the short-term effects of Hurricane Katrina on the reported incidence of human West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND) and Saint Louis encephalitis
(SLE) in Louisiana and Mississippi using the reported week of onset and the year (2003-2005).