Marine Heteroptera (Insecta): Gerridae, Veliidae, Hermatobatidae, Saldidae
and Omaniidae, with notes on ecology and insular zoogeography," Atoll Research Bulletin, vol.
The representatives of most families live in water (aquatic bugs), except for the gelastocorids and ochterids, which occupy habitats at the water's edge [3, 25, 30, 39-42], like the Saldidae
of the Leptopodomorpha.
The aquatic and subaquatic families, Saldidae
The shore bugs (Hemiptera: Saldidae
) of the Great Lakes Region.
The authors include Gerromorpha, known as the true aquatic bugs, and Nepomorpha, known as the semi aquatic bugs, as well as Leptopodomorpha (which includes Saldidae
, shore bugs) and Dipsocoromorpha (which includes Dipsocoridae, jumping ground bugs).
Pr + - + Mesovelia mulsanti White Pr - - + Buenoa salutis Kirkaldy Pr - - - Ranatra sjostdti Montandon Pr - - - Lipostemata humeralis Berg Pr - - + Neoplea maculosa Berg Pr + - + Neoplea argentina (Drake et Chapman) Pr - - + Saldidae
Pr - + - Tenagobia selecta tarahui Bachmann Re + - - Tenagobia selecta White Re - - - Tenagobia schadei Lundblad Re - + - Lipogomphus lacunifera Berg Pr + + + ORTHOPTERA Cornops aquaticum (Bruner) He + + - Paulinia acuminata (De Geer) He - - - ODONATA Ninfas Perithemis sp.
Cobben  has reported that apical plates can be found in several taxa such as the Saldidae
, Microphysidae, Dipsocoridae, Enicocephalidae, Reduviidae, Nabidae, Miridae, and all Gerromorpha.
Nearly 100 scientific papers published by Toby alone or jointly describe over 600 species of Orthotylinae, Phylinae, Thaumastocoridae or Saldidae
, examine heteropteran phylogenetics, identify synonymies and homonymies, or designate lectotypes or neotypes.
Brief history of Cuban aquatic and semiaquatic Heteroptera: In the 19th century, the classic work of Guerin-Meneville (1857) listed 14 species (not including synonyms and misidentified species) of aquatic and semiaquatic Heteroptera from Cuba, belonging to the families Saldidae
, Gerridae, Hydrometridae, Veliidae, Belostomatidae, Corixidae, Naucoridae, Nepidae, and Notonectidae.