salmonella

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sal·mo·nel·la

 (săl′mə-nĕl′ə)
n. pl. sal·mo·nel·lae (-nĕl′ē) or sal·mo·nel·las or salmonella
1. Any of various rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Salmonella, especially S. enterica, which cause food poisoning, typhoid, and paratyphoid fever in humans and various infectious diseases in domestic animals. Salmonella bacteria are divided into numerous serotypes on the basis of certain antigens found in the cell wall and flagella.
2. Salmonellosis.

[New Latin Salmonella, genus name, after Daniel Elmer Salmon (1850-1914), American pathologist.]

salmonella

(ˌsælməˈnɛlə)
n, pl -lae (-ˌliː)
(Microbiology) any Gram-negative rod-shaped aerobic bacterium of the genus Salmonella, including S. typhosa, which causes typhoid fever, and many species (notably S. enteritidis) that cause food poisoning (salmonellosis): family Enterobacteriaceae
[C19: New Latin, named after Daniel E. Salmon (1850–1914), US veterinary surgeon]

sal•mo•nel•la

(ˌsæl məˈnɛl ə)

n., pl. -nel•lae (-ˈnɛl i) -nel•las.
1. any of several rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Salmonella that enter the digestive tract in contaminated food, causing food poisoning.
[< New Latin (1900), after Daniel E.Salmon(1850–1914), U.S. pathologist]

sal·mo·nel·la

(săl′mə-nĕl′ə)
A rod-shaped bacterium that causes food poisoning in humans.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.salmonella - rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria; cause typhoid fever and food poisoning; can be used as a bioweapon
enteric bacteria, enterics, enterobacteria, entric - rod-shaped Gram-negative bacteria; most occur normally or pathogenically in intestines of humans and other animals
genus Salmonella - a genus of bacteria
Gartner's bacillus, Salmonella enteritidis - a form of salmonella that causes gastroenteritis in humans
Salmonella typhimurium - a form of salmonella that causes food poisoning in humans
Salmonella typhi, Salmonella typhosa, typhoid bacillus - a form of salmonella that causes typhoid fever
Translations
szalmonella

salmonella

[ˌsælməˈnelə] N (salmonellae (pl)) [ˌsælməˈneliː]salmonela f
salmonella food-poisoningsalmonelosis f

salmonella

[ˌsælməˈnɛlə] n
(= bacteria) → salmonelle f
(= poisoning) → salmonellose fsalmonella poisoning nsalmonellose fsalmon farm nélevage m de saumonssalmon fishing npêche f au saumonsalmon pink n & adjrose m inv saumonsalmon steak ndarne f de saumonsalmon trout ntruite f saumonée

salmonella

n (also salmonella poisoning)Salmonellenvergiftung f

salmonella

[ˌsælməˈnɛlə] nsalmonella

salmonella

n. Salmonela, género de bacterias gram-negativas de la familia Enterobacteriaceae que causan fiebres entéricas, otras infecciones gastrointestinales y septicemia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Widal test was done by adding 0.5 ml of Salmonella typhi O, Salmonella Typhi H, Salmonella paratyphi A(H) and Salmonella paratyphi B(H) antigens respectively in test tubes with diluted sera of 1:30.1:60, 1:120, 1:240 and 1:480 concentration and also control of 0.5 ml normal saline.
Emerging Salmonella Paratyphi A enteric fever and changing trends in antimicrobial resistance pattern of salmonella in Shimla.
The most common strains reported in the 57 cases were Salmonella enteritidis (18/57), followed by Salmonella choleraesuis (13/57), Salmonella typhi (2/57), Salmonella dublin (4/57), Salmonella typhimurium (3/57), Salmonella paratyphi B (2/57), Salmonella newport (1/57), and Salmonella gallinarum (1/57).
The sequenced DNA was then compared against databases of modern bacterial pathogens and obtained a match in the post-European exposed skeletons against Salmonella paratyphi C, known to cause enteric fever.
In July 2017, PulseNet, the national molecular subtyping network for foodborne disease surveillance, identified a cluster of five Salmonella Paratyphi B variant L(+) tartrate + (Java) clinical isolates that were indistinguishable by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE).
The least resistant group was Salmonella Paratyphi A: 22.7% (10/44) of isolates were fluoroquinolone resistant and none were multidrug resistant (0/43).
Salmonella Paratyphi B var Java infections associated with exposure to turtles in Bizkaia, Spain, September 2010 to October 2011.
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine in vitro MIC patterns of various therapeutic alternatives for the treatment of Salmonella Paratyphi A.
Klebsiella pneumoniae was found to be the most frequent isolate (23%, N = 31/135), followed by Pseudomonas stutzeri (15%, N = 21/135), Escherichia coli (12%, N = 16/135), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Citrobacter freundii sharing the same percentage (9%, N = 12/135); Acinetobacter baumannii and Salmonella paratyphi A sharing the same percentages (7.4%, N= 10/135); Proteus mirabilis (4.4%, N = 6/135), Alcaligenes faecalis (3.7%, N = 5/135), Enterobacter cloacae, and Serratia marcescens sharing the same percentages (3%, N = 4/135); and Shigella flexneri (2.2%, N = 3/135).
Multidrug resistance (MDR) in Salmonella enterica has been described around the world and shown to be more common in Salmonella Typhi than in Salmonella Paratyphi [2, 3].
However, in Gram negative bacterial activity all derivatives besides 23, 25 and 27 were found to be potent against Salmonella paratyphi A, Salmonella paratyphi B, Shigella dysenteriae, and Shigella flexnerii than against Escherichia coli multidrug resistance and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC, while compound 20 was found to be most active than rest of the compounds against S.
However, more than 70% of the Salmonella Typhi and almost all (up to 100%) Salmonella Paratyphi A isolates were resistant to fluoroquinolones.