KEYWORDS: Blood culture, Gram negative rods, Methylglyoxal, Salmonella Typhi
Madam, typhoid is a highly contagious infection caused by the micro-organism Salmonella Typhi
. It is transmitted via poor sanitation, over-crowding, and ingestion of contaminated food or water.1 According to a prospective study conducted by WHO, high incidence of typhoid fever was found in five Asian countries, with Pakistan, India, Indonesia leading and a comparatively lower incidence in China and Vietnam.2 This geographical dissemination portrays the crucial need to identify fever in its early stages and develop antibiotics to combat the superbug.
The XDR typhoid fever is a serious water-borne infection caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi
that spreads through contaminated food and water.
Enteric fever caused by salmonella typhi
and paratyphi is not very uncommon in the developing countries.
He said S.Thypi-Ceftriaxone Resistant is caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi
that spreads through contaminated food and water while high-grade fever, weakness, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, headache, cough and loss of appetite are some of the common symptoms of this disease.
Giving a presentation on the subject, Dr Farah Naz Qamar, an associate professor at the department of paediatrics and child health, Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH), described the typhoid fever as a systematic illness (caused by Salmonella Typhi
usually through ingestion of contaminated food and water) endemic to many developing countries, including Pakistan.
This may represent the pathological state of typhoid fever in humans caused by Salmonella typhi
according to (Rosenberger et al Make this a ref)..
The infection caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi
is spread through contaminated food and water and is manifested in form of high-grade fever, weakness, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, headache, cough and loss of appetite.
Notes from the field: Salmonella Typhi
infections associated with contaminated water-Zimbabwe, October 2011-May 2012.
He explained Typhoid fever is usually diagnosed via blood culture, where a sample of blood is taken from the patient and smeared on a culture plate, where, if infected, Salmonella typhi
coli ,Klebsiella pneumonia, Shigella dysenteriae, Serratia marcescens, Salmonella typhi
, Proteus vulgaris isolates was achieved by amplifying conventional PCR.
Typhoid fever is a systemic disease caused by Salmonella typhi
. It remains an important public health problem in developing countries as it is linked to poor hygiene such as inadequate sewage disposal and flooding, and a lack of clean drinking water.