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1. The worldwide community of Buddhist monks and nuns, and sometimes Buddhist laity.
2. A particular community of Buddhist monks and nuns, or of the monks, nuns, and laity engaged in Buddhist practice.

[Sanskrit saṃghaḥ, assemblage, community, from saṃhanti, he strikes together, puts together : sam, together; see sem- in Indo-European roots + hanti, he strikes; see gwhen- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


a. the Buddhist community
b. (in Theravada Buddhism) the monastic order
[from Sanskrit: group, congregation]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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References in periodicals archive ?
In Defense of the Samgha: The Buddhist Apologetic Mission of the Early Tang Monk Falin.
In a radio interview, Lacson cited a 1975 Supreme Court document involving a habeas corpus petition filed by a minor Lopez and Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha in the Philippines Inc., a socioreligious organization, against her own mother.
The Middle Kingdom and the Dharma Wheel: Aspects of the Relationship Between the Buddhist Samgha and the State in Chinese History
Reading them, we do not suddenly see Sariputta declared the leader of the samgha and the Buddha's successor.
Thus the question arises as to whether, in the absence of a bhiksuni samgha, the additional intermediate stages prescribed for women are required and, if so, whether they can also be given by bhiksus.
I already wrote an article, published in Yasodhara, about my ordination, that happened dream-like for me, ordained by a chapter of bhikkhuni samgha. But what did that ordination mean for me?
The Buddha taught kings and secured economic support for the Samgha from merchant disciples.
In Sri Lanka the public recitation of the tisarana (the threefold refuge in the Buddha, Dhamma and Samgha) and the pancahsila (five precepts for Buddhist lay men and women) by Madame Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (1831-1891) and the American Colonel H.S.
The early community's response to Jesus is part of who the historical Jesus was and is today; the early Samgha's response to the Buddha 2,500 years ago is part of the historical Buddha's identity, then as well as now.