# variance

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Related to Sample variance: population variance

## var·i·ance

(vâr′ē-əns, văr′-)*n.*

**1.**The state or quality of being variant or variable; variation: considerable variance in temperature across the region.

**2.**

**a.**Difference or inconsistency: Your behavior is at variance with your beliefs.

**b.**The state or fact of being in disagreement or in conflict: I am at variance with her over who should pay for the damage.

**3.**

*Law*

**a.**A discrepancy between two statements or documents, especially between the charge in a criminal indictment and the evidence presented.

**b.**An exception to the application of a usual rule, granted by an authority on the basis of hardship or practicality: a zoning variance.

**4.**

*Statistics*The square of the standard deviation.

**5.**

*Chemistry*The number of thermodynamic variables, such as temperature and pressure, required to specify a state of equilibrium of a system, given by the phase rule; the degrees of freedom of a system.

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

## variance

(ˈvɛərɪəns)*n*

**1.**the act of varying or the quality, state, or degree of being divergent; discrepancy

**2.**an instance of diverging; dissension: our variance on this matter should not affect our friendship.

**3.**

**at variance**

**a.**(

*often foll by with*) (of facts, etc) not in accord; conflicting

**b.**(of persons) in a state of dissension

**4.**(Statistics)

*statistics*a measure of dispersion obtained by taking the mean of the squared deviations of the observed values from their mean in a frequency distribution

**5.**(Law) a difference or discrepancy between two steps in a legal proceeding, esp between a statement in a pleading and the evidence given to support it

**6.**(Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (in the US and Canada) a licence or authority issued by the board of variance to contravene the usual rule, esp to build contrary to the provision of a zoning code

**7.**(Chemistry)

*chem*the number of degrees of freedom of a system, used in the phase rule

**8.**(Accounting & Book-keeping)

*accounting*the difference between actual and standard costs of production

Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

## var•i•ance

(ˈvɛər i əns)*n.*

**1.**the state of being variable or different.

**2.**an instance of varying.

**3.**

*Statistics.*the square of the standard deviation.

**4.**the number of degrees of freedom of a physical system.

**5.**

*Law.*

**a.**a discrepancy, as between two sworn statements.

**b.**a departure from the cause of action originally stated in a legal complaint.

**6.**a permit to do something normally regulated by law.

**7.**a disagreement or dispute.

*Idioms:***at variance,**in a state of disagreement.

[1300–50; Middle English < Latin]

Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonyms

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Noun | 1. | variance - an event that departs from expectationsdeviation, difference, divergence, departure - a variation that deviates from the standard or norm; "the deviation from the mean" |

2. | variance - discord that splits a groupdissension, discord - disagreement among those expected to cooperate | |

3. | variance - the second moment around the mean; the expected value of the square of the deviations of a random variable from its mean valuestatistics - a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters moment - the n-th moment of a distribution is the expected value of the n-th power of the deviations from a fixed value standard deviation - the square root of the variance covariance - (statistics) the mean value of the product of the deviations of two variates from their respective means | |

4. | variance - a difference between conflicting facts or claims or opinions; "a growing divergence of opinion"difference - the quality of being unlike or dissimilar; "there are many differences between jazz and rock" | |

5. | variance - the quality of being subject to variationchangeability, changeableness - the quality of being changeable; having a marked tendency to change; "the changeableness of the weather" variedness - characterized by variation variegation - variability in coloration personal equation - variability attributable to individual differences | |

6. | variance - an official dispensation to act contrary to a rule or regulation (typically a building regulation); "a zoning variance"dispensation - an exemption from some rule or obligation | |

7. | variance - an activity that varies from a norm or standard; "any variation in his routine was immediately reported"activity - any specific behavior; "they avoided all recreational activity" |

Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

## variance

*noun*difference, contrast, discrepancy, variation, disagreement, contradiction, inconsistency, deviation, divergence, incongruity, dissimilarity the variances in the stock price

**agreement, similarity, correspondence, accord, unison, congruity**

*difference***at variance**

**in disagreement**, conflicting, at odds, in opposition, out of line, at loggerheads, at sixes and sevens

*(informal)*,

**out of harmony**Many of his statements are at variance with the facts.

Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

## variance

*noun*

**1.**The condition or fact of varying:

**2.**A state of disagreement and disharmony:

The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Translations

## variance

[ˈvɛərɪəns]*N*to be at variance (with sb over sth) → estar en desacuerdo

*or*discrepar (con algn en algo)

his statement is at variance with the facts → sus afirmaciones no concuerdan con los hechos

Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

## variance

[ˈvɛəriəns]*n*

to be at variance with sth [+

*evidence, facts, ideas*] → être en désaccord avec qch

Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

## variance

*n*

to be at

**variance**with somebody → anderer Meinung sein als jd (→*about*hinsichtlich*+gen*); he is constantly at**variance**with his parents → er hat ständig Meinungsverschiedenheiten mit seinen Eltern; this is at**variance**with what he said earlier → dies stimmt nicht mit dem überein, was er vorher gesagt hat(= difference) → Unterschied

*m*; a slight**variance**of opinion → eine unterschiedliche Auffassung; the predictable**variance**between the two sets of figures → die vorhersehbare Abweichung der beiden Zahlenreihen (voneinander)Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

## variance

[ˈvɛərɪəns]*n*

**a.**

**to be at variance (with sb over sth)**→ essere in disaccordo (con qn per qc)

to be at variance (with sth) (

*facts, statements*) → essere in contraddizione (con qc)

Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

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