maharaja(redirected from Samraja)
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ma·ha·ra·jaor ma·ha·ra·jah (mä′hə-rä′jə, -zhə)
1. A king or prince in India ranking above a raja, especially the sovereign of one of the former native states.
2. Used as a title for such a king or prince.
[Sanskrit mahārājaḥ : mahā-, great; see meg- in Indo-European roots + rājaḥ, king (variant of rājā, king; see reg- in Indo-European roots).]
Word History: The Sanskrit word mahārājaḥ, the source of our word maharaja, means "great king." The first element in this word, mahā- means "great," and it is related to Greek mega- and Latin magnus, both meaning the same thing as the Sanskrit. All three forms derive from Indo-European *meg-, "great." This root became *mik- in Germanic, where an adjective, *mikila-, "great," was formed from it. This became micel, pronounced (mĭ′chəl), in Old English. The Old English word survives today in much, shortened from Middle English muchel. In Old Norse, *mikila- became mikill, and in the north of England, the Norse word and a variant of the Old English word micel combined to give us the word mickle, nowadays most often heard in the expression (used by both William Shakespeare and Edmund Spenser) mickle might, "much strength."
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||maharaja - a great raja; a Hindu prince or king in India ranking above a raja|
prince - a male member of a royal family other than the sovereign (especially the son of a sovereign)
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