In 'The Soldier and the State' (1957), among the greatest political treatises of the 20th century, the eminent Harvard professor Samuel Huntington
emphasized the centrality of a professional military to a healthy, functioning democracy.
The narrative developed by crusade writers found a new expression when Bernrad Lewis coined the 'Clash of Civilization' term which was later developed into a full-fledged theory by Samuel Huntington
, and helped construct the image of Muslims as enemy of the Western civilisation.
The 'blocks' proposed by Samuel Huntington
in Clash of Civilizations have started to form with India, Iran, Afghanistan and the US on one side and Pakistan, Turkey, Russia and China on the other.
It will be recalled that, when Samuel Huntington
initially spun his thesis The Clash of Civilizations, a wide cross-section of people accepted it (albeit with a grain of salt) as a genuine attempt at issue-oriented research.
As Samuel Huntington
would have put it, British naval policy had been in a state of "disequilibrium" even before the beginning of the First World War, and this continued into the postwar period.
The contributors delve into whether Samuel Huntington
and Morris Janowitz still ring true in the 21st century; whether training and continuing education play a role in defining a profession; and if there is a universal code of ethics required for the military as a profession.
As per Samuel Huntington
, the leading American civil-military theorist, 'the nations that develop a properly balanced pattern of civil-military relations have a great advantage in the search for security.' He also believed that 'the nations which fail to develop a balanced pattern of civil-military relations squander their resources and run uncalculated risks'.
, the famous American political scientist, had predicted that world's future conflicts would be based on cultural and religious identities.
It is the 'art of coexisting through transforming hostility into hospitality-a clear alternative to Hitler's German legal theorist Carl Schmitt's politics of 'Us versus Them,' or Hans Morgenthau's 'realist' struggle for power and Samuel Huntington
's 'clash of civilizations.'
Tirman thus finds an independent variable in Samuel Huntington
's controversial "Hispanic Challenge" in Foreign Policy (2004) which argued American identity was morphing into uncharted territory because of Mexican immigration.
enumera algumas caracteristicas das civilizacoes.