sap(redirected from Sapes)
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Related to Sapes: shapes
a. The watery fluid that circulates through a plant, carrying food and other substances to the various tissues.
b. See cell sap.
2. Health and energy; vitality: The constant bickering drained his sap away.
3. Slang A foolish or gullible person.
tr.v. sapped, sap·ping, saps
1. To drain (a tree, for example) of sap.
2. To deplete or weaken gradually: The noisy children sapped all my energy. The flu sapped him of his strength. See Synonyms at deplete.
[Middle English, from Old English sæp. V., sense 2, probably partly from sap (taken as "to weaken (resistance) as by draining of sap.").]
A covered trench or tunnel dug to a point near or within an enemy position.
v. sapped, sap·ping, saps
To undermine the foundations of (a fortification).
To dig a sap.
[French sape, from saper, to sap, undermine, from Italian zappare, to dig with a mattock or hoe, sap, from zappa, mattock, hoe, from Old Italian, from Late Latin sappa, of unknown origin.]
A leather-covered bludgeon with a short, flexible shaft or strap, used as a hand weapon.
tr.v. sapped, sap·ping, saps
To hit or knock out with a sap.
[Probably short for sapling, since the bludgeons were made from wood from saplings.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Botany) a solution of mineral salts, sugars, etc, that circulates in a plant
2. any vital body fluid
3. energy; vigour
4. slang a gullible or foolish person
5. (Botany) another name for sapwood
vb (tr) , saps, sapping or sapped
to drain of sap
[Old English sæp; related to Old High German sapf, German Saft juice, Middle Low German sapp, Sanskrit sabar milk juice]
(Military) a deep and narrow trench used to approach or undermine an enemy position, esp in siege warfare
vb, saps, sapping or sapped
1. (Military) to undermine (a fortification, etc) by digging saps
2. (tr) to weaken
[C16 zappe, from Italian zappa spade, of uncertain origin; perhaps from Old Italian (dialect) zappo a goat]
South African Police
(in Britain) n acronym for
(Building) Standard Assessment Procedure: the recognized performance indicator for measuring energy efficiency in buildings
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
n., v. sapped, sap•ping. n.
1. a watery juice, containing mineral salts and sugar, that circulates through the tissues of a plant.
2. any vital body fluid.
3. energy; vitality.
4. a fool; dupe.v.t.
5. to drain the sap from.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English sæp, c. Middle Dutch sap, Old High German saf]
n., v. sapped, sap•ping. n.
1. a trench constructed so as to form an approach to a besieged place.v.t.
2. to approach (a wall, glacis, or other part of a fortification) with saps, in order to move troops or artillery into a more forward position, or to dig below and undermine the fortification.
3. to weaken insidiously.
[1585–95; < French sape (n.), derivative of saper to dig a trench < Italian zappare]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
The watery fluid that circulates through a plant that has vascular tissues. Sap moving up the xylem carries water and minerals, while sap moving down the phloem carries water and food.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Past participle: sapped
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||sap - a watery solution of sugars, salts, and minerals that circulates through the vascular system of a plant|
manna - hardened sugary exudation of various trees
solution - a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances; frequently (but not necessarily) a liquid solution; "he used a solution of peroxide and water"
|2.||sap - a person who lacks good judgment |
bozo, cuckoo, fathead, goof, goofball, jackass, zany, goose - a man who is a stupid incompetent fool
morosoph - a learned fool
putz - (Yiddish) a fool; an idiot
wally - a silly and inept person; someone who is regarded as stupid
|3.||sap - a piece of metal covered by leather with a flexible handle; used for hitting people|
bludgeon - a club used as a weapon
|Verb||1.||sap - deplete; "exhaust one's savings"; "We quickly played out our strength"|
play out - become spent or exhausted; "The champion's strength played out fast"
|2.||sap - excavate the earth beneath|
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
1. juice, essence, vital fluid, secretion, lifeblood, plant fluid The leaves, bark and sap are common ingredients of herbal remedies.
2. (Slang) fool, jerk (slang, chiefly U.S. & Canad.), idiot, noodle, wally (slang), wet (Brit. informal), charlie (Brit. informal), drip (informal), gull (archaic), prat (slang), plonker (slang), noddy, twit (informal), chump (informal), oaf, simpleton, nitwit (informal), ninny, nincompoop, dweeb (U.S. slang), putz (U.S. slang), wuss (slang), Simple Simon, weenie (U.S. informal), muggins (Brit. slang), eejit (Scot. & Irish), thicko (Brit. slang), dumb-ass (slang), gobshite (Irish taboo slang), numpty (Scot. informal), doofus (slang, chiefly U.S.), nerd or nurd (slang), numskull or numbskull her poor sap of a husband
verb weaken, drain, undermine, rob, exhaust, bleed, erode, deplete, wear down, enervate, devitalize I was afraid the sickness had sapped my strength.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
1. To lessen or deplete the nerve, energy, or strength of:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
عُصارَة الشَّجَريُنْهِك، يوهِن
draga òrótt úrsafi
sap1 [sæp] N (Bot) → savia f
A. N (Mil) (= trench) → zapa f
sap3 [sæp] N (= fool) → bobo/a m/f
you sap! → ¡bobo!
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
n (Bot) → Saft m; (fig) → Lebenskraft f; the sap is rising (lit) → der Saft steigt; (fig) → die Triebe erwachen
n (Mil) → Sappe f
n (inf) → Trottel m (inf)
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
the liquid in trees, plants etc. The sap flowed out when he broke the stem of the flower. sap, gom عُصارَة الشَّجَر бот. мъзга seiva míza der Saft saft χυμός φυτών savia mahl شيره گياهي mahla sève לֶשֶד रस, सार biljni sok nedv getah (æða)safi linfa 樹液 수액 sultys, sula (auga) sula sap sapsevje, plantesaftsok دنباتاتو شيره، هغه شيره چې ونو اوبوټو ته غذا پكښې رسول كيږى seiva sevă сок miazga, šťava rastlinski sok, mezga biljni sok sav, växtsaft ยางไม้; น้ำเลี้ยงต้นไม้ öz su 樹液 сік рослин, живиця پودوں کے اندر کی رطوبت nhựa cây 树液
sap2(sӕp) – past tense, past participle sapped – verb
to weaken or destroy (a person's strength, confidence, courage etc). The disease slowly sapped his strength. dreineer يُنْهِك، يوهِن изтощавам enfraquecer podrýt erschöpfen svække; undergrave υπονομεύω, καταστρέφω debilitr, minar, agotar õõnestama تضعيف كردن heikentää saper לְעַרעֵר मूर्ख iscrpiti, potkopati aláás melemahkan draga þrótt úr indebolire 弱らせる 차차 약화시키다 išsekinti novārdzināt; izsūkt melemahkan ondermijnentappe, utmatte wyczerpywać شيره ترى زبېښل، وچول، كمزورئ كول، كرار كرار زمولول enfraquecerистощать podkopať oslabiti iscrpsti tära på, försvaga ทำลาย tüketmek 逐漸削弱或破壞(一個人的體力、自信、勇氣等) виснажувати; підривати віру سوکھ لینا ، ختم کر دینا phá hoại, phá hủy 渐渐削弱（某人某事物的力量、自信、勇气等)，使衰竭
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
n. savia, jugo natural de algunas plantas.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012