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An island of Italy in the Mediterranean Sea south of Corsica. Settled by Phoenicians, Greeks, and Carthaginians before the sixth century bc, the island was taken by Rome in 238 bc and later fell to the Vandals (fifth century ad) and the Byzantines (early sixth century). Numerous European powers controlled the island before 1720, when it passed to the House of Savoy and became the nucleus of the Kingdom of Sardinia. Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia became the first king of Italy in 1861.
(Placename) the second-largest island in the Mediterranean: forms, with offshore islands, an administrative region of Italy; ceded to Savoy by Austria in 1720 in exchange for Sicily and formed the Kingdom of Sardinia with Piedmont; became part of Italy in 1861. Capital: Cagliari. Pop: 1 637 639 (2003 est). Area: 24 089 sq km (9301 sq miles). Italian name: Sardegna
Sar•din•i•a(sɑrˈdɪn i ə, -ˈdɪn yə)
a large island in the Mediterranean, W of Italy: with small nearby islands it comprises a department of Italy. 1,594,175; 9301 sq. mi. (24,090 sq. km). Cap.: Cagliari.Italian, Sar•de•gna (sɑrˈdɛ nyɑ)
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|Noun||1.||Sardinia - the Italian region on the island of Sardinia; the kingdom of Sardinia was the nucleus for uniting Italy during the 19th century|
|2.||Sardinia - an island in the Mediterranean to the west of Italy|